ESOPHAGEAL STRICTURE AFTER RADIOTHERAPY IN PATIENTS WITH HEAD AND NECK CANCER: EXPERIENCE OF A SINGLE INSTITUTION OVER 2 TREATMENT PERIODS
2010 (English)In: Head and Neck, ISSN 1043-3074, E-ISSN 1097-0347, Vol. 32, no 4, 452-461 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background. Risk factors for development of a stricture of the upper esophagus after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer are poorly defined. Methods. This was a retrospective case-control study of patients diagnosed and treated for esophageal stricture after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer. Results. The incidence of esophageal stricture after external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) was 3.3%. Seventy patients with stricture and 66 patients without stricture were identified. A multivariate analysis showed that there was increased risk of stricture in receiving enteral feeding during EBRT or in receiving a mean dose of >45 By to the upper esophagus. Conclusions. Enteral feeding during EBRT is strongly associated with the development of stricture of the esophagus, as is a mean dose of >45 Gy to the upper esophagus. Treatment of the stricture with Savary-Gilliard bougienage or through scope balloon dilatation is safe and successful but often has to be repeated.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 32, no 4, 452-461 p.
esophageal stricture, esophageal stenosis, radiotherapy induced, head neck, treatment esophageal stricture
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-50532DOI: 10.1002/hed.21201ISI: 000276136000005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-50532DiVA: diva2:381609
authorCount :82010-12-282010-12-282010-12-28Bibliographically approved