Compound-specific bromine isotope analysis of brominated diphenyl ethers using gas chromatography multiple collector/inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry
2010 (English)In: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, ISSN 0951-4198, E-ISSN 1097-0231, Vol. 24, no 14, 2135-2142 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The bromine isotope composition is potentially diagnostic in both degradation monitoring and source apportionment of organobromines in the environment. A method for compound-specific bromine isotope analysis (delta Br-81) based on gas chromatography multiple collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (GC/ICPMS) was developed for common brominated diaromatic compounds. Brominated diphenyl ethers (BDEs) in Bromkal 70-5DE, a technical flame-retardant mixture containing mainly BDEs #47, #99 and #100, were used as test substances, with standard bracketing for the samples achieved through co-injected monobromobenzene (MBB) with a known delta Br-81 of -0.39 parts per thousand vs. Standard Mean Ocean Bromine (SMOBr). Three different heated transfer lines were constructed and tested to achieve efficient conduction of the BDEs from the gas chromatograph to the ICPMS instrument. The MBB was analyzed with a precision of 0.4 parts per thousand (1 s, n = 18). The precision for BDEs was 1.4-1.8 parts per thousand (1 s, n = 10-12 depending on the congener). The lower precision for the BDEs than for MBB may reflect the heat required to prevent condensation of the analytes in ICP torch assembly. The use of an internal standard of similar chemical structure to the analytes alleviates this problem, as illustrated by a difference of 0.3 +/- 0.7 parts per thousand (1 s, n = 6) between the (delta Br-81 values of co-injected methoxy BDE-47 and BDE-47 extracted from whale blubber. Improvements in precision and accuracy may be achieved by the use of a more efficient heating of the torch assembly in conjunction with a set of internal standards that match the target compounds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 24, no 14, 2135-2142 p.
FLAME RETARDANTS; CHLORINE; COMBUSTION; ABUNDANT; ICPMS
Research subject Applied Environmental Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-50095DOI: 10.1002/rcm.4629ISI: 000280117200025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-50095DiVA: diva2:382191
authorCount :5 2010-12-302010-12-212010-12-30Bibliographically approved