Spatiotemporal Variability of Light-Absorbing Carbon Concentration in a Residential Area Impacted by Woodsmoke
2010 (English)In: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, ISSN 1047-3289, Vol. 60, no 3, 356-368 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Residential wood combustion (RWC) is responsible for 33% of the total carbon mass emitted in Europe. With the new European targets to increase the use of renewable energy, there is a growing concern that the population exposure to woodsmoke will also increase. This study investigates observed and simulated light-absorbing carbon mass (M-LAC) concentrations in a residential neighborhood (Lycksele, Sweden) where RWC is a major air pollution source during winter. The measurement analysis included descriptive statistics, correlation coefficient, coefficient of divergence, linear regression, concentration roses, diurnal pattern, and weekend versus weekday concentration ratios. Hourly RWC and road traffic contributions to M-LAC were simulated with a Gaussian dispersion model to assess whether the model was able to mimic the observations. Hourly mean and standard deviation concentrations measured at six sites ranged from 0.58 to 0.74 mu g m(-3) and from 0.59 to 0.79 mu g m(-3), respectively. The temporal and spatial variability decreased with increasing averaging time. Low-wind periods with relatively high M-LAC concentrations correlated more strongly than high-wind periods with low concentrations. On average, the model overestimated the observations by 3- to 5-fold and explained less than 10% of the measured hourly variability at all sites. Large residual concentrations were associated with weak winds and relatively high M-LAC loadings. The explanation of the observed variability increased to 31-45% when daily mean concentrations were compared. When the contribution from the boilers within the neighborhood was excluded from the simulations, the model overestimation decreased to 16-71%. When assessing the exposure to light-absorbing carbon particles using this type of model, the authors suggest using a longer averaging period (i.e., daily concentrations) in a larger area with an updated and very detailed emission inventory.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 60, no 3, 356-368 p.
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-50150DOI: 10.3155/1047-32184.108.40.2066ISI: 000275439300010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-50150DiVA: diva2:382200