The development of new environmental policies and processes in response to a crisis: the case of the multiple barrier approach for safe drinking water
2010 (English)In: Environmental Science and Policy, ISSN 1462-9011, E-ISSN 1873-6416, Vol. 13, no 6, 535-548 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
While new environmental policies and procedures often are developed incrementally, they can also result from crises or other significant events. In situations where policies and procedures are introduced in response to a crisis, questions about the strengths and weaknesses of existing mechanisms, and the extent to which they can be used to address concerns, may be ignored. This paper explores the complexities of introducing new policies and processes where planning systems and procedures already exist. Drinking water source protection policies that are being developed in response to the tragic events in Walkerton, Ontario, Canada serve as the context for the inquiry. Three case study watersheds were selected to reflect the diversity of municipal jurisdictions and water supply systems in Ontario. A content analysis was undertaken on regulatory and non-regulatory policy documents to determine the extent to which they addressed elements of the multi-barrier approach for drinking water safety. Findings from the research reveal considerable evidence of the multi-barrier approach in the policy and guiding documents analyzed. Policy development in response to a crisis can advance progress on the issue of drinking water safety and coincide with emerging governance strategies. Policy effectiveness may be enhanced by considering existing policies as well as contextual and jurisdictional differences.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 13, no 6, 535-548 p.
Environmental policy, Source water protection, Ontario, Canada, Multi-barrier approach for safe drinking water
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-50086DOI: 10.1016/j.envsci.2010.05.004ISI: 000281275400008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-50086DiVA: diva2:382318
authorCount :52010-12-302010-12-212010-12-30Bibliographically approved