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Hydrogen catalytic effects of nanostructured alloy particles in spent fuel on radionuclide immobilization
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry (MMK).
2010 (English)In: Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, ISSN 0926-3373, E-ISSN 1873-3883, Vol. 94, no 02-jan, 173-178 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For the first time, hydrogen catalytic effects of fission product alloy particles nondestructively extracted from spent nuclear fuel were demonstrated. The redox sensitive radionuclides at oxidized forms Se(IV), Tc(VII), U(VI), Np(V) and Pu(VI) were found to be stable in a solution saturated with a gas mixture (Ar + 10% H-2 + 0.03% CO2) but rapidly immobilized in the same solution when contacted with the particles. In comparison, a synthetic alloy sample with similar elemental composition as the alloy particles generated in nuclear fuel displayed a smaller, but unequivocal catalytic effect. The smaller catalytic effect of synthetic alloy was apparently enhanced by a P-radiation source. The information obtained in this work contributes to improved understanding of the redox chemistry of radionuclides in nuclear waste geologic repository environments and, in particular, of the catalytic properties of these unique alloy particles.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 94, no 02-jan, 173-178 p.
Keyword [en]
Radioactive catalyst, Nanoparticle, Hydrogen, Fission product, Nuclear waste
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Research subject
Environmental Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-50058DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2009.11.006ISI: 000274870000021OAI: diva2:382751
authorCount :4Available from: 2011-01-03 Created: 2010-12-21 Last updated: 2011-01-03Bibliographically approved

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Cui, D.
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