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Population size affects vital rates but not population growth rate of a perennial plant
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Botany.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Botany.
2010 (English)In: Ecology, ISSN 0012-9658, E-ISSN 1939-9170, Vol. 91, no 11, 3210-3217 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Negative effects of habitat fragmentation on individual performance have been widely documented, but relatively little is known about how simultaneous effects on multiple vital rates translate into effects on population viability in long-lived species. In this study, we examined relationships between population size, individual growth, survival and reproduction, and population growth rate in the perennial plant Phyteuma spicatum. Population size positively affected the growth of seedlings, the survival of juveniles, the proportion of adults flowering, and potential seed production. Analyses with integral projection models, however, showed no relationship between population size and population growth rate. This was due to the fact that herbivores and pathogens eliminated the relationship between population size and seed production, and that population growth rate was not sensitive to changes in the vital rates that varied with population size. We conclude that effects of population size on vital rates must not translate into effects on population growth rate, and that populations of long-lived organisms may partly be able to buffer negative effects of small population size on vital rates that have a relatively small influence on population growth rate. Our study illustrates that we need to be cautious when assessing the consequences of habitat fragmentation for population viability based on effects on only one or a few vital rates.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 91, no 11, 3210-3217 p.
Keyword [en]
deciduous forest, demography, habitat fragmentation, integral projection models (IPM), perennial herb, Phyteuma spicatum, population growth rate, population size, population viability, seed production, vital rates
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-51438ISI: 000284158600010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-51438DiVA: diva2:385684
Note
authorCount :3Available from: 2011-01-12 Created: 2011-01-10 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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