In silico analysis of the apolipoprotein E and the amyloid beta peptide interaction: misfolding induced by frustration of the salt bridge network
2010 (English)In: PloS Computational Biology, ISSN 1553-734X, E-ISSN 1553-7358, Vol. 6, no 2, e1000663- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The relationship between Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and the aggregation processes of the amyloid beta (A beta) peptide has been shown to be crucial for Alzheimer's disease (AD). The presence of the ApoE4 isoform is considered to be a contributing risk factor for AD. However, the detailed molecular properties of ApoE4 interacting with the A beta peptide are unknown, although various mechanisms have been proposed to explain the physiological and pathological role of this relationship. Here, computer simulations have been used to investigate the process of A beta interaction with the N-terminal domain of the human ApoE isoforms (ApoE2, ApoE3 and ApoE4). Molecular docking combined with molecular dynamics simulations have been undertaken to determine the A beta peptide binding sites and the relative stability of binding to each of the ApoE isoforms. Our results show that from the several ApoE isoforms investigated, only ApoE4 presents a misfolded intermediate when bound to A beta. Moreover, the initial alpha-helix used as the A beta peptide model structure also becomes unstructured due to the interaction with ApoE4. These structural changes appear to be related to a rearrangement of the salt bridge network in ApoE4, for which we propose a model. It seems plausible that ApoE4 in its partially unfolded state is incapable of performing the clearance of A beta, thereby promoting amyloid forming processes. Hence, the proposed model can be used to identify potential drug binding sites in the ApoE4-A beta complex, where the interaction between the two molecules can be inhibited.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 6, no 2, e1000663- p.
Alzheimer's disease, lipid transport, metabolism, apolipoprotein E, amyloid β peptide
Research subject Biophysics; Biochemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-51709DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000663PubMedID: 20140182OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-51709DiVA: diva2:385732