Depressive styles, self-esteem structure, and health: a dynamic approach to differential vulnerability in self-criticism and dependency
2010 (English)In: Individual Differences Research, ISSN 1541-745X, Vol. 8, no 1, 45-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Two studies (N = 180, N = 428) examined the importance of a dynamic self-esteem (SE) structure (in terms of basic and competence aspects of SE) for the depressive personality styles self-criticism and dependency. Study 2 was extended to investigate the role of self-related motivational orientations and the predictive status of the depressive styles for self-reported physical health. Overall, the results show that self-criticism is a function of SE, which is based on competence and “toxic” achievement strivings while dependency is related to a low basic sense of SE and affiliation needs. In addition, self-criticism and competence related strivings predicted poor health, over and above negative affect, whereas dependency was not associated with physical health. It is concluded that self-criticism and dependency represent distinct vulnerable personality styles in which SE structure plays a role in regulating cognitive-motivational mechanisms with relevance for adjustment and well-being.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 8, no 1, 45-66 p.
vulnerability, needs, self-esteem dynamics, health
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-52270OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-52270DiVA: diva2:386876