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Connectivity and age distribution of the Baltic Common Guillemot Uria aalge population: evidence from morphometry and ringing recoveries
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology.
2010 (English)In: Ardea, ISSN 0373-2266, Vol. 98, no 2, 169-178 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In evolutionary ecology, environmental monitoring and conservation management, reliable information on phenotypic and demographic traits in marine seabirds is highly wanted, but difficult to acquire. Therefore, freshly dead Common Guillemots Uria aalge (n = 149) incidentally drowned in salmon drift gill nets in the Baltic Sea, during October-November, were studied. We noted age, sex, moult pattern and fat status, and took morphometric measurements to compare with data from the Northeast Atlantic population. Only minor phenotypic differences were found. The birds had slightly longer wings than expected at the latitude where they were collected, probably due to their newly grown primaries and/or observer differences, rather than a genetic divergence. The Baltic Guillemot appears not to be a distinct subspecies, but only the marginal member of a deme. Ringing recoveries also suggest intermittent exchange of birds between the Baltic and the North Sea. Young birds did not seem to be over-represented in gill net bycatches. Our found age distribution - with a heavy dominance of adult birds, but few immature/juveniles - deviated from that reported earlier, and suggests that the population is more vulnerable to. adult mortality through bycatch in gill nets than previously believed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 98, no 2, 169-178 p.
Keyword [en]
Common Guillemot, Uria aalge intermedia, seabird, age distribution, deme, taxonomy, fishing net, bycatch, Baltic Sea
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-51224ISI: 000284440400006OAI: diva2:387792
authorCount :2Available from: 2011-01-14 Created: 2011-01-10 Last updated: 2011-01-14Bibliographically approved

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Blomqvist, Sven
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