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Ability and job satisfaction across occupational area and occupational level
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Arbets- och Organisationspsykologi)
Arkitektur, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the impact of childhood general mental ability on adult job satisfaction using a longitudinal sample of about 1 000 women and men followed from age 10 to age 48. Differences were examined with respect to both general mental ability and job satisfaction between different occupational levels and occupational areas, as was the relationship between ability and job satisfaction within the different occupational levels and areas. Results show that general mental ability and job satisfaction vary between different occupational levels and areas. Some tendencies towards linear relationships and interactions were found.The interaction effects were shown between occupational level and gender. The results indicated that childhood general mental ability may contribute to a self-selection into adult working life, which, in turn, has implications for long-term health.

Keyword [en]
job satisfaction, GMA, labour market policies, work and organisation, Sweden
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-52876OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-52876DiVA: diva2:389245
Projects
Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA)
Available from: 2011-01-19 Created: 2011-01-19 Last updated: 2011-01-19Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. General mental ability as related to school, work and health: The importance of childhood mental ability for work-related factors among middle-aged women and men
Open this publication in new window or tab >>General mental ability as related to school, work and health: The importance of childhood mental ability for work-related factors among middle-aged women and men
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

General mental ability (GMA) has been found to be important for adjustment and achievement in school and at work. GMA has been linked to various health outcomes, although the research linking it to school-, work-, and health-related outcomes among working adults is still limited. Using data from the longitudinal research program Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA), this thesis investigates how childhood GMA relates to satisfaction with school and work, psychosocial factors at work, and self-reported health outcomes among working adults. The findings showed that the associations between GMA and satisfaction were weak, while those between GMA and achievement and between achievement and satisfaction were stronger. Also, early experiences of achievement and satisfaction at school were linked to adult work life. Analyses taking into account the importance of different occupational levels and areas replicated previous research by underscoring the importance of occupational level. An examination of the importance of GMA and psychosocial work characteristics on a set of health indicators showed no consistent effects of childhood GMA on self-reported health in terms of anxiety, musculoskeletal disorders, self-rated health, and sense of coherence. But in line with previous findings, psychosocial work characteristics were associated with self-reports of health. Here, controlling for occupational level did not change the overall strenght of the relations. To conclude, while the results suggest that the importance of GMA for school and job satisfaction are mediated by other factors, the overall findings indicate that the effects of childhood GMA on various aspects of functioning in midlife are weak – a finding that may follow from the studies focusing exclusively on a Swedish cohort of well-functioning, working and healthy women and men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, 2011. 104 p.
Keyword
General mental ability, achievement, occupational level, satisfaction, psychosocial workload, health
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-52882 (URN)978-91-7447-197-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-02-23, David Magnusson-salen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript.Available from: 2011-02-01 Created: 2011-01-19 Last updated: 2011-01-21Bibliographically approved

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