Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
General mental ability as related to school, work and health: The importance of childhood mental ability for work-related factors among middle-aged women and men
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology. (Arbets- och Organisationspsykologi)
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

General mental ability (GMA) has been found to be important for adjustment and achievement in school and at work. GMA has been linked to various health outcomes, although the research linking it to school-, work-, and health-related outcomes among working adults is still limited. Using data from the longitudinal research program Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA), this thesis investigates how childhood GMA relates to satisfaction with school and work, psychosocial factors at work, and self-reported health outcomes among working adults. The findings showed that the associations between GMA and satisfaction were weak, while those between GMA and achievement and between achievement and satisfaction were stronger. Also, early experiences of achievement and satisfaction at school were linked to adult work life. Analyses taking into account the importance of different occupational levels and areas replicated previous research by underscoring the importance of occupational level. An examination of the importance of GMA and psychosocial work characteristics on a set of health indicators showed no consistent effects of childhood GMA on self-reported health in terms of anxiety, musculoskeletal disorders, self-rated health, and sense of coherence. But in line with previous findings, psychosocial work characteristics were associated with self-reports of health. Here, controlling for occupational level did not change the overall strenght of the relations. To conclude, while the results suggest that the importance of GMA for school and job satisfaction are mediated by other factors, the overall findings indicate that the effects of childhood GMA on various aspects of functioning in midlife are weak – a finding that may follow from the studies focusing exclusively on a Swedish cohort of well-functioning, working and healthy women and men.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University , 2011. , 104 p.
Keyword [en]
General mental ability, achievement, occupational level, satisfaction, psychosocial workload, health
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-52882ISBN: 978-91-7447-197-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-52882DiVA: diva2:389332
Public defence
2011-02-23, David Magnusson-salen (U31), hus 8, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Manuscript. Paper 3: Manuscript.Available from: 2011-02-01 Created: 2011-01-19 Last updated: 2011-01-21Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. General mental ability and satisfaction with school and work: A longitudinal study from ages 13 to 48
Open this publication in new window or tab >>General mental ability and satisfaction with school and work: A longitudinal study from ages 13 to 48
2009 (English)In: Journal of applied developmental psychology, ISSN 0193-3973, E-ISSN 1873-7900, Vol. 30, no 4, 398-408 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although it has been proposed that general mental ability (GMA) may affect the adjustment process, few studies have examined the relation of mental ability to individuals' sense of satisfaction with school and work. The present study investigated the importance of mental ability for school and job satisfaction, using a Swedish sample of 298 men and 399 women, followed longitudinally from the age of 13 to middle age (43 years for women, and 48 years for men). Mental ability had a weak positive correlation with school satisfaction at age 13 but not at age 16, whereas a tendency was found for a negative relation to job satisfaction at the age of 26. Adolescent levels of mental ability were associated with greater intrinsic job satisfaction in middle age for both sexes, and greater extrinsic job satisfaction for men. Longitudinal structural equation modeling indicated that the effects of general mental ability on school and job satisfaction were mediated by school and work achievement, respectively. The same model fit both sexes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2009
Keyword
general mental ability, school satisfaction, school achievement, job satisfaction, work achievement, longitudinal
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-34526 (URN)10.1016/j.appdev.2008.12.015 (DOI)000267628500002 ()
Projects
Individual Development and Adaptation
Note
This study was made possible through the use of data from the longitudinal research program Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA). The scientific leader is Lars R. Bergman. David Magnusson was responsible for the planning, implementation, and financing of the data collection up to age 26. The data collection was supported by grants from the Swedish National Board of Education, the Swedish Committee for the Planning and Coordination of Research, The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, the Swedish Social Research Council, and the Örebro County Council.Available from: 2010-01-09 Created: 2010-01-09 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
2. Ability and job satisfaction across occupational area and occupational level
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ability and job satisfaction across occupational area and occupational level
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the impact of childhood general mental ability on adult job satisfaction using a longitudinal sample of about 1 000 women and men followed from age 10 to age 48. Differences were examined with respect to both general mental ability and job satisfaction between different occupational levels and occupational areas, as was the relationship between ability and job satisfaction within the different occupational levels and areas. Results show that general mental ability and job satisfaction vary between different occupational levels and areas. Some tendencies towards linear relationships and interactions were found.The interaction effects were shown between occupational level and gender. The results indicated that childhood general mental ability may contribute to a self-selection into adult working life, which, in turn, has implications for long-term health.

Keyword
job satisfaction, GMA, labour market policies, work and organisation, Sweden
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-52876 (URN)
Projects
Individual Development and Adaptation (IDA)
Available from: 2011-01-19 Created: 2011-01-19 Last updated: 2011-01-19Bibliographically approved
3. Do general mental ability and psychosocial work characteristics predict different aspects of health in middle-aged working women and men?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do general mental ability and psychosocial work characteristics predict different aspects of health in middle-aged working women and men?
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Psychosocial work conditions including high demands, lack of control and poor support have been linked to poor health. Yet, it is unclear whether individual factors such as general mental ability (GMA) are important. Objective: The present study set out to investigate how childhood mental ability and psychosocial work characteristics relate to positive and negative health indicators. Methods: Data on childhood GMA, occupational level, self-reports of demands, control and social support and negative health indicators (anxiety and musculoskeletal disorders) and positive health indicators (sense of coherence and self-rated health) in midlife came from a cohort of working women (n=271) and men (n=291). Hierarchical regression analyses, with and without controlling for occupational level, were used to examine associations between childhood GMA and self-reports of high demands, low control and poor social support and the four health indicators. Taking into consideration the gendered labor market and variations in health patterns between women and men, gender specific analyses were performed. Results: The analyses showed no associations between childhood GMA and the health indicators. Further, there were no significant interactions between GMA and the psychosocial work factors. Moreover, the overall impact of occupational level was low and controlling for occupational level did not change the overall findings. Conclusions: In a fairly homogeneous cohort of healthy and working middle-aged women and men, current psychosocial work conditions are more strongly linked to self-reports of health, than are childhood factors such as GMA.

Keyword
ability, gender, health, psychosocial work conditions
National Category
Psychology Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-52880 (URN)
Projects
Individual Development and Adaptation
Note
Cornelia Wulff received financial support from the Elisabeth and Herman Rhodin Memorial Foundation and the Lars Hierta Memorial Foundation.Available from: 2011-01-19 Created: 2011-01-19 Last updated: 2011-01-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wulff, Cornelia
By organisation
Department of Psychology
Psychology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1182 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf