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Selective problems in executive function in adults with ID: The Betula Database
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2010 (English)In: Abstracts of the Third International Conference of IASSID-Europe, 20-22 October, 2010, Rome: Cognition, communication, social impairment, 2010, 438-438 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Aim: To compare executive function in adults with ID to a group matched on chronological age, sex, type of education and years of education. Method: In the Betula database, a group of adults with ID (N = 46) was defined from measures of verbal and nonverbal IQ. A control group, with two people for every person with ID (N = 92), was chosen by matching on the following criteria in order of priority: IQ higher than 85, age, sex, sample, level of education and years of edu- cation. Three tasks of executive function were included on two occasions, with five years in between testing sessions: the Tower of Hanoi, dual task versions of word recall and verbal fluency. Results: Adults with ID showed significant impairments on verbal fluency and on the dual task word recall task (at encod- ing but not at recall). There were no group differences on the Tower of Hanoi. No significant differences between the two test occasions were found. Conclusion: The dual task results imply that the adults with ID were more sen- sitive to strategy interruptions at encoding, but that dividing attention at recall did not have such detrimental effects. The Tower of Hanoi is a complex task that is meant to assess planning, but has also been associated with inhibition. Adults with ID seem, therefore, not to have marked difficulties with planning and/or inhibition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. 438-438 p.
Series
Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities, ISSN 1468-3148 ; 23(5)
Keyword [en]
cognition, executive functions, Betula
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-53132DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-3148.2010.00583.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-53132DiVA: diva2:389947
Conference
Third International Conference of IASSID-Europe
Available from: 2011-01-20 Created: 2011-01-20

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