The pivotal role of work environment for the mental health of female and male physicians
2010 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
Aim/Setting: To examine the relationship between the work environment and mental health among 327 female and 402 male Swedish physicians from the HOUPE study (Health and Organization among University Hospital Physicians) and for whom complete data were available.
Methods: The work environment was assessed by individual items and by validated scales from the Questionnaire for Psychological and Social Factors at Work (QPS-Nordic). Using the additive General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12), MOLBI (exhaustion and disengagement scales) and the Mehan Suicidal Ideation Scale, we constructed a combined outcome variable reflecting mental health as: below the median on the scales and no recent suicidal thoughts.
Results: Forty-seven (14.4%) female and seventy-nine (19.7%) male physicians were positive for the outcome variable reflecting mental health. Healthy Work Organization, Work Support in Tough Situations and Control over Workpace each showed significant associations being positive for the outcome variable. This was the case for both the female and male physicians, after adjusting for non-significant covariates: age, number of children and civil status. Male physicians had more control over their workpace than females (p < 0.0001). Factors significantly, inversely associated with the outcome variable included role conflict, recent degrading experiences, performing tasks in conflict with personal values, having night call duty, and work demands interfere with family life (both genders), and for the male physicians only, home demands interfering with work.
Conclusions: For these female and male physicians, the work environment plays a pivotal role in mental health, and therefore merits much more attention than it has heretofore received.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. 517-517 p.
, Gender Medicine, ISSN 1550-8579 ; 7(5)
physicians, academic medicine, work organization, health
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-53142DOI: 10.1016/S1550-8579(10)00103-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-53142DiVA: diva2:389968
The 5th international congress on gender medicine: November 30 – December 3, 2010, Tel Aviv, Israel