Resting in Peace?—Regulating the Geological Storage of Radioactive Waste and Carbon Dioxide: Swedish and European Perspectives
2010 (English)In: Risk, Hazards & Crisis in Public Policy, Vol. 1, no 4, 113-137 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Carbon capture and storage or sequestration (CCS) and production of nuclear energy are both associated with potentially hazardous geological disposal or storage operations (of captured carbon dioxide [CO2] and spent nuclear fuel, respectively). Using Sweden as a focal point, applicable domestic, EU, and international rules affecting site selection and the nature and allocation of responsibility for long-term hazard management are compared and analyzed in this article. It is inter alia concluded that the legal terminology is partly misleading and that there are many similarities, but also some significant differences, with respect to spatial and temporal aspects of risks and benefits. Whereas disposal of spent nuclear fuel is mainly the reserve of domestic law, storage of CO2 is the subject of extensive EU regulation. With neither activity is the operator expected to pay for supervision of storage/disposal sites or remedial action for any extensive period of time, though the CCS regime is slightly more in keeping with the polluter pays principle. Neither regulatory framework purports to guarantee funds, knowledge, or technology to address problems that may arise beyond some decades into the future.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berkeley: The Berkeley Electronic Press , 2010. Vol. 1, no 4, 113-137 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-53262DOI: 10.2202/1944-4079.1038OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-53262DiVA: diva2:390312