An Evaluation of R.L. Ackoff’s Interactive Planning: A Case-based Approach
2011 (English)In: Systemic Practice and Action Research, ISSN 1094-429X, E-ISSN 1573-9295, Vol. 24, no 4, 355-357 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Russell L. Ackoff developed the Interactive Planning (IP) methodology as a conceptual tool to guide systematic and systemic development of organizations. One of its unique features is that such development should be ideal-oriented. IP has been well-received within the Systems Thinking community in particular; where more than 300 applications of IP are mentioned. However, it has not been easy to answer the question: “does the use of IP enable that which it is proposing to enable?” as there have been no systematic, empirically grounded, and critically oriented, evaluations of IP. This study attempts to offer such an evaluation. In this case, IP was employed to support a comprehensive development of a Department within a company. This IP application was evaluated using a set of predefined evaluation criteria derived from the IP as such and also from its critique. The results suggest that IP is indeed a powerful methodology to guide organizational development. While IP has several positive merits, a set of limitations were identified and serve here as a basis for deriving recommendations for the practitioners of IP and also suggestions of areas that merit further IP research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 24, no 4, 355-357 p.
Organization development, Participative development, Idealized design, Action research, Methodology evaluation, Systems thinking
Economics and Business
Research subject Business Administration
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-53314DOI: 10.1007/s11213-010-9188-yISI: 000293022300003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-53314DiVA: diva2:390475