Validation of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test and the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test in a Swedish sample of suspected offenders with signs of mental health problems: results from the Mental Disorder, Substance Abuse and Crime study
2010 (English)In: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, ISSN 0740-5472, E-ISSN 1873-6483, Vol. 39, no 4, 364-377 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Substance abuse is common among offenders. One method widely used for the detection of substance abuse is screening. This study explored the concurrent validity of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) and the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test (DUDIT) screening tools in relation to (a) substance abuse and dependency diagnoses and (b) three problem severity domains of the sixth version of the Addiction Severity Index in a sample of 181 suspected offenders with signs of mental health problems. The screening tools showed moderate to high accuracy for identification of dependency diagnoses. The AUDIT was associated with alcohol problem severity, whereas the DUDIT was associated with drug and legal problem severity. Administering the screening tools in the current population yields valid results. However, the suggested cutoff scores should be applied with caution due to the discrepancy between present and previous findings.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 39, no 4, 364-377 p.
offenders, screening tools, substance abuse diagnosis, dependency diagnosis, cutoff scores
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-53962DOI: 10.1016/j.jsat.2010.07.007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-53962DiVA: diva2:391686
Preparation of this article was supported by the Swedish Council for Working Life and Social Research (Grant 2005/5:11). The authors thank John Monahan, PhD, University of Virginia, and Stefan Borg, MD, PhD, Stockholm Centre of Dependency Disorders, for support and advice. We also would like to thank David Öberg, Director of the MAPS Foundation; John S. Cacciola, PhD, University of Pennsylvania; Arthur Alterman, PhD, University of Pennsylvania; and Jonas Larsson, BSc, Stockholm University, The National Board of Institutional Care, for guidance on how to calculate ASI-6 Standardized summary scores. Preliminary results from this study were presented at the 9th Annual IAFMHS Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland June 26–29, 2009.2011-01-252011-01-252015-09-15Bibliographically approved