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Digerdödens följder för jordägandet: Exemplet Jämtland
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of History. Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Centre for Medieval Studies.
2011 (Swedish)In: Historisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 0018-263X, E-ISSN 1504-2944, Vol. 90, no 1, 7-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The consequences of the Black Death for the ownership of land: The Jämtland case

To what extent did private landed property in Norway go to the Crown after the Black Death (1349–50) and subsequent epidemics when no one wanted to take up ownership and consequent duties because of the dramatic decline inpopulation? This question, which has not been investigated in earlier research, is studied here with Jämtland as a case in point. In Jämtland it was quite common for farms to be deserted after the Black Death, ownerless even, and to come into the possession of the Crown, especially in the case of smaller, less attractive, landed properties in marginal areas. On the one hand, the Jämtland case demonstrates the consequences of depopulation after the Black Death, and, on the other, the far-reaching regal rights that could be claimed in Norway in the 14th century. Later, however, when the farmers began showing renewed interest in taking over the deserted farms, representatives of the Crown returned the ownership to individuals through a great number of gifts.

Abstract [sv]

Hur vanligt var det att privatägd jord i Norge tillföll kronan efter digerdöden (1349–50) och efterföljande epidemier när ingen längre, på grund av de dramatiska befolkningsfallen, kunde eller ville ta över ägandet och fullgöra de skyldigheter, som var förbundna med det? Denna i tidigare forskning ej undersökta fråga tas upp här, med Jämtland som exempel. I Jämtland var det uppenbarligen ganska vanligt att gårdar inte bara ödelades, utan också blev herrelösa efter digerdöden och därför hemföll åt kronan. Detta gäller särskilt mindre attraktiva jordegendomar i marginella lägen. Exemplet demonstrerar å ena sidan vilka extrema följder avfolkningen efter digerdöden kunde få, å andra sidan vilka långtgående regalrättsanspråk som kunde tillämpas i Norge under 1300-talet. Senare – när bönderna i Jämtland åter blivit intresserade av att bruka ödegårdarna – lät dock kronans representanter äganderätten återgå till enskilda, genom en lång rad gåvor.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 90, no 1, 7-32 p.
Keyword [en]
Black Death, desertion, ownership of land, regal rights
National Category
History
Research subject
History
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-54201ISI: 000289124300002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-54201DiVA: diva2:392204
Available from: 2011-01-26 Created: 2011-01-26 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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