Site location in the Stone Age landscape on the Södertörn peninsula, eastern middle Sweden: an ecological and economical approach
2011 (English)In: Skrifter från Arkeologikonsult, ISSN ISBN 978-91-979352-0-3, no 1, 5-44 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
This paper aims to use GIS applications to interpret ecological and economical presumptions for the Stone Age habitation on the south-eastern part of the peninsula Södertörn, south of Stockholm, southeast Sweden. Specific questions concern how characteristic geographical features of the landscape have influenced the settlement sites before, during and after usage and how periods of continuity and discontinuity may be explained based on economical and ecological presumptions. The used data have been achieved from both geological and archaeological sources, such as the age of isolated lake basins and dates of sealed features like hearths and cooking pits. These have served as basis for the establishment of paleogeographical maps of the land/sea configuration at 6250, 5500, 4700 and 4000 BC constructed as tilted terrain models.
It is concluded that the long-term occupation of the sites can be explained by their strategic location, which due to the steep topography was retained over extensive time periods. Their boundary positions have allowed a variety of resources to be exploited. Their location along waterways was convenient and efficient. If the results would render valid on a general scale, sites with a comparable function and patterns of use should be located along waterways in similar boundary zones. Such sites would probably have been settled as soon as suitable areas emerged from the sea and abandoned when the connectivity along the waterways seized.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Upplands-Väsby: Arkeologikonsult , 2011. no 1, 5-44 p.
Shore displacement, GIS, Södermanland, multiple regression, stone age economy
Geology Physical Geography Archaeology
Research subject Archaeology; Physical Geography; Quarternary Geology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-54311OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-54311DiVA: diva2:393101