Shaping Macroporous Ceramics: templated synthesis, X-ray tomography and permeability
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Macroporous ceramic materials have found widespread technological application ranging from particulate filters in diesel engines, tissue engineering scaffolds, and as support materials in carbon capture processes. This thesis demonstrates how the pore space of macroporous alumina can be manipulated, analysed in three-dimensions (3D) using visualisation techniques, and functionalised with a CO2-adsorbing material.
A novel method was developed to produce macroporous alumina materials: by combining sacrificial templating with thermally expandable polymeric microspheres and gel-casting of an alumina suspension. This method offers a versatile production of macroporous ceramics in which the level of porosity and the pore size distribution can easily be altered by varying the amount and type of spheres. The permeability to fluid flow could be regulated by controlling the connectivity of the pore space and the size of the smallest constrictions between the pores. Sacrificial templating with particle-coated expandable spheres significantly increased the fraction of isolated pore clusters and reduced both the sizes and the numbers of connections between neighbouring pores, compared to templating with un-coated spheres.
The macroporous alumina materials were characterised with X-ray micro-computed tomography (μ-CT). The 3D data-sets obtained by X-ray μ-CT were used to calculate the spatial variation in porosity, the throat and pore size distributions and to calculate the permeability to fluid flow. The throat and pore size distributions were also able to be accurately quantified in only one extrusion and intrusion cycle with water-based porosimetry; a relatively novel and simple characterisation technique. The pore walls of the macroporous alumina materials were also coated with zeolite films by a colloidal processing technique. The CO2-uptake of the coated alumina materials and of hierarchically porous monoliths of zeolites was evaluated and compared.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Materials and Environmental Chemistry, Stockholm University , 2011. , 60 p.
Alumina, ceramic, CO2 capture, colloidal processing, expandable microspheres, gel casting, layer-by-layer, macroporosity, near-net shape, non-destructive evaluation, permeability, porosity, sacrificial templating, X-ray computed tomography
Research subject Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-54677ISBN: 978-91-7447-180-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-54677DiVA: diva2:396718
2011-03-11, Magnélisalen, Kemiska övningslaboratoriet, Svante Arrhenius väg 16 B, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Gauckler, Ludwig, Prof.
Bergström, Lennart, Prof.
As the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 4: Accepted. Paper 5: Manuscript. Paper 6: Submitted.2011-02-172011-02-102011-02-11Bibliographically approved
List of papers