Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The Impact of Immigration on the Size of Government: Empirical Evidence from Danish Municipalities
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 113, no 1, 74-92 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Several studies have reported a negative relationship between ethnic heterogeneity and the size of the public sector. One problem with this literature is that ethnic composition is hardly exogenous, which obstructs attempts to reveal causal mechanisms. This paper explores the impact of changes in ethnic heterogeneity in Danish municipalities from 1995 through 2001, a period marked by an unprecedented influx of refugees. A state-sponsored placement policy restricted their choice of residence and required local governments to accept them as citizens. The analysis of the impact of this influx has not revealed any support for the claim of a decline in public sector size.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 113, no 1, 74-92 p.
Keyword [en]
Immigration, size of government, public goods, social cohesion, welfare state
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55215DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9442.2010.01629.xISI: 000287453700004OAI: diva2:402156
Available from: 2011-03-07 Created: 2011-03-07 Last updated: 2012-01-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Studying the Interplay of Immigration and Welfare States
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Studying the Interplay of Immigration and Welfare States
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

A comparative study of net transfers for different immigrant groups: Evidence from Germany

This paper analyzes determinants of net transfers for immigrants living in Germany in 2002, coming from five different countries. Net transfers refer to the net amount of costs and tax payments in the public budget account. The study focuses on differences/similarities between outcomes. The results suggest that employment situation and family composition explain a major part of the differences, but also that legal immigration status granted on arrival in Germany seem to matter.

The impact of immigration on the size of government: Empirical evidence from Danish municipalities

This study examines whether the influx of immigrants of non-Western origin in Danish municipalities in the period from 1995 to 2001 affected the size of public spending. In the paper three measures of public expenditure are examined. The resulting regression estimates do not support those scholars who propose/predict a negative link between government spending and immigration in Western welfare states. On the contrary, an increase in the share of non-Western immigrants led to a small but significant increase in income tax payments.

The impact of immigration on election outcomes in Danish municipalities

In this paper we study the effects of changes in the share of immigrants of non-Western origin in Danish municipalities on the support for different political parties in the period from 1989 to 2001. Regression estimations show that anti-immigration parties gained support as a reaction to a larger immigrant share, but so did also a pro-immigration party on the left. Our results point to that Danish citizens voice their displeasure over immigration within their neighborhoods; nevertheless, we do not find indications of a weakening of support for the welfare state as such, as predicted by several authors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Institutet för social forskning (SOFI), 2008. 38 p.
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 73
net transfers, welfare use, social cohesion, welfare state, elections, xenophobia
National Category
Research subject
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-8111 (URN)978-91-7155-698-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-09-12, hörsal 5, hus B, Universitetsvägen 10, Stockholm, 10:00
Available from: 2008-08-21 Created: 2008-08-21 Last updated: 2014-08-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Gerdes, Christer
By organisation
The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)
In the same journal
Scandinavian Journal of Economics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 37 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link