Live long and prosper? Childhood living conditions, marital status, social class in adulthood and mortality during mid-life: A cohort study
2011 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1403-4948, E-ISSN 1651-1905, Vol. 39, no 2, 179-186 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims: The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of childhood living conditions, marital status, and social class in adulthood on the risk of mortality during mid-life. Two questions were addressed: Is there an effect of childhood living conditions on mortality risk during mid-life and if so, is the effect mediated or modified by social class and/or marital status in adulthood? Methods: A nationally representative, Swedish, level of living survey from 1968 was used as baseline. The study included those aged 25—69 at baseline (n = 4082). Social conditions in childhood and adulthood were assessed using self-reports. These individuals were then followed for 39 years using registry data on mortality. Results: The results showed associations between childhood living conditions, marital status, social class in adulthood and mortality during mid life. Social class and familial conditions during childhood as well as marital status and social class in adulthood all contributed to the risk of mortality during mid-life. Individuals whose father’s were manual workers, who grew up in broken homes, who were unmarried, and/or were manual workers in adulthood had an increased risk of mortality during mid life. The effects of childhood conditions were, in part, both mediated and modified by social class in adulthood. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that there are structural, social conditions experienced at different stages of the life course that affect the risk of mortality during mid-life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 39, no 2, 179-186 p.
Childhood, life course, mortality, socioeconomic position, Sweden
Social Work Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55444DOI: 10.1177/1403494810395823ISI: 000288065000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-55444DiVA: diva2:404007