Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Crime Victims and the Social Services: Social Workers’ Viewpoint
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2007 (English)In: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 8, no 2, 138-156 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this article is to analyse how social workers in the social services describe crime victims and their role in support- ing these victims. Based on focus groups with social workers in the social services, it is established that social workers discriminate between a categorical understand- ing of crime victims and an assessment of individuals in need. The categorical understanding of crime victims is connected to weakness and innocence, and the discussions are constructed with focus on women and children. However, when the social work- ers move beyond this idea and describe individual victims of crime they have met, they attri- bute a more complicated picture and acknowledge the complexity of crime and victimization. The social workers give themselves a vague role regarding support to victims of crime. They consider themselves as able to connect individuals in need with helping resources, but they do not regard themselves as resources in this area. According to the social workers, an individual should not receive support from the social services just because he or she is categorized by them as a victim of crime. One conclusion is that the category ‘crime victims’ has not gained acceptance among the social workers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 8, no 2, 138-156 p.
Keyword [en]
children, domestic violence, ideal victim, need, social services, social worker, support, victims of crime, women
National Category
Law and Society Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55697DOI: 10.1080/14043850701706911OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-55697DiVA: diva2:406200
Available from: 2011-03-25 Created: 2011-03-25 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. The Emergence of the Crime Victim in the Swedish Social Services Act
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Emergence of the Crime Victim in the Swedish Social Services Act
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study sought to explain how crime victims emerged as a target group in the Swedish Social Services Act in 2001. The findings, derived from legislative documents, a literature review, and focus group interviews with social workers, showed that the 2001 provisions both duplicated and undermined pre-existing provisions of the Social Services Act. The explicit aim of the reform was to improve services to crime victims. The provisions did not, however, change the legal responsibility of the social services, nor did they strengthen the social rights of crime victims. The social services already assumed responsibility for crime victims according to other provisions of the act. To some degree, the reform can be explained symbolically. Support for crime victims was a complicated issue for the social democratic government. The economic crisis of the early 1990s ruled out reforms that might bring high increased costs. Yet expanding crime victims’ rights at the expense of the offender (e.g. toughening penal law and promoting victim impact statements) was not in line with social democratic ideology. By enacting the 2001 provisions, the government showed its commitment to providing support to crime victims. At the same time, the provisions did not increase costs or strengthen crime victims’ rights. In this way, the provisions solved a political dilemma for the government. Incorporating the 2001 provisions in the Social Services Act may seem to have been a modest reform. Symbolic politics, however, are not empty; rather, they reflect attitudes and beliefs. This study proposed that the reform revealed the state’s increasing concern with violence against women and individual responsibility. Furthermore, the provisions may have constituted a normative reorientation of the Social Services Act, in which individual responsibility increasingly replaced solidarity, the holistic view, and a right to assistance according to need.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Social Work, Stockholm University, 2011. 85 p.
Series
Stockholm studies in social work, ISSN 0281-2851 ; 28
Keyword
crime victim, domestic violence, social welfare law, social work, social services
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55698 (URN)978-91-7447-205-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-04-29, Aula Svea, Socialhögskolan, Sveavägen 160, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2011-04-07 Created: 2011-03-25 Last updated: 2011-04-19Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ljungwald, Carina
By organisation
Department of Social Work
In the same journal
Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention
Law and SocietySocial Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 445 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf