CK2 phosphorylation of XRCC1 facilitate single-strand break formation during base excision repair
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Casein kinase 2 (CK2) phosphorylates the scaffold protein XRCC1, which is required for efficient DNA single-strand break (SSB) repair. Here, we express a XRCC1 protein (XRCC1ckm) that cannot be phosphorylated by CK2 in XRCC1 mutated EM9 cells and show that the role of this post-translational modification in SSB repair is distinct from its role in base excision repair (BER). Interestingly, we find that fewer SSBs are formed during BER after treatment with the alkylating agent dimethyl sulfate (DMS) in EM9 cells expressing XRCC1ckm (CKM cells) or following inhibition with CK2 inhibitor 2-dimethylamino-4,5,6,7-tetrabromo-1H-benzimidazole (DMAT). We also show that XRCC1ckm protein has a higher affinity for nicked DNA substrate than wild type XRCC1 protein and we propose a model whereby the increased affinity for DNA sequesters XRCC1ckm and the repair enzymes associated with it, at the repair site. In conclusion, our results indicate that CK2-phosphorylations of XRCC1 affect the kinetics of SSB repair and BER differentially, and that the modifications on XRCC1 facilitate the BER incision step.
CK2, XRCC1, dimethyl sulfate, base excision repair, single-strand break
Cell and Molecular Biology
Research subject Molecular Genetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-55790OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-55790DiVA: diva2:406712