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Influence of retirement and work stress on headache prevalence: A longitudinal modelling study from the GAZEL Cohort Study
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute.
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2011 (English)In: Cephalalgia, ISSN 0333-1024, E-ISSN 1468-2982, Vol. 31, no 6, 696-705 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: The aims of this study were to examine trajectories of headache in relation to retirement and to clarify the role of work stress and stress-prone personality. Methods: Headache prevalence during the 7 years before and after retirement was measured by annual questionnaires from GAZEL cohort comprising French national gas and electricity company employees (n = 12,913). Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for headache during pre- peri- and post-retirement were calculated. The role of effect modifiers (work stress, type A or hostile personality) was tested by multiplicative interactions and synergy indices. Results: An 11-13% reduction in headache prevalence was found during pre- and post-retirement, whereas decline was much steeper (46%) during the retirement transition. In absolute terms, the decline was greater among persons with high work stress or stress-prone personality than among other participants. Conclusions: Retirement is associated with a decrease in headache prevalence, particularly among persons with a high amount of work stress or proneness to over-react to stress.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 31, no 6, 696-705 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-56567DOI: 10.1177/0333102410394677ISI: 000289528100009PubMedID: 21220374Local ID: P2859OAI: diva2:411742
Available from: 2011-04-19 Created: 2011-04-19 Last updated: 2012-01-18Bibliographically approved

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