Influence of retirement and work stress on headache prevalence: A longitudinal modelling study from the GAZEL Cohort Study
2011 (English)In: Cephalalgia, ISSN 0333-1024, E-ISSN 1468-2982, Vol. 31, no 6, 696-705 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aims: The aims of this study were to examine trajectories of headache in relation to retirement and to clarify the role of work stress and stress-prone personality. Methods: Headache prevalence during the 7 years before and after retirement was measured by annual questionnaires from GAZEL cohort comprising French national gas and electricity company employees (n = 12,913). Odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for headache during pre- peri- and post-retirement were calculated. The role of effect modifiers (work stress, type A or hostile personality) was tested by multiplicative interactions and synergy indices. Results: An 11-13% reduction in headache prevalence was found during pre- and post-retirement, whereas decline was much steeper (46%) during the retirement transition. In absolute terms, the decline was greater among persons with high work stress or stress-prone personality than among other participants. Conclusions: Retirement is associated with a decrease in headache prevalence, particularly among persons with a high amount of work stress or proneness to over-react to stress.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 31, no 6, 696-705 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-56567DOI: 10.1177/0333102410394677ISI: 000289528100009PubMedID: 21220374Local ID: P2859OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-56567DiVA: diva2:411742