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A compact time-resolving pepperpot emittance meter for low energy highly-charged ions
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Physics.
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(English)In: Physica Scripta, ISSN 0031-8949, E-ISSN 1402-4896Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-56741OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-56741DiVA: diva2:412843
Available from: 2011-04-27 Created: 2011-04-26 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Precision mass measurements: Final limit of SMILETRAP I and the developments of SMILETRAP II
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Precision mass measurements: Final limit of SMILETRAP I and the developments of SMILETRAP II
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The subject of this thesis is high-precision mass-measurements performed with Penning trap mass spectrometers (PTMS). In particular it describes the SMILETRAP I PTMS and the final results obtained with it, the masses of 40Ca and that of the proton. The mass of 40Ca is an indispensible input in the evaluation of measurements of the bound electron g-factor, used to test quantum electrodynamical calculations in strong fields. The value obtained agrees with available literature values but has a ten times higher precision.

The measurement of the proton mass, considered a fundamental physical constant, was performed with the aim of validating other Penning trap results and to test the limit of SMILETRAP I. It was also anticipated that a measurement at a relative precision close to 10-10 would give insight in how to treat certain systematic uncertainties. The result is a value of the proton mass in agreement with earlier measurements and with an unprecedented precision of 1.8×10-10.

Vital for the achieved precision of the proton mass measurement was the use of the Ramsey excitation technique. This technique, how it was implemented at SMILETRAP I and the benefits from it is discussed in the thesis and in one of the included papers.

The second part of the thesis describes the improved SMILETRAP II setup at the S-EBIT laboratory, AlbaNova. All major changes and upgrades compared to SMILETRAP I are discussed. This includes, apart from the Ramsey excitation technique, higher ionic charge states, improved temperature stabilization, longer run times, different reference ions, stronger and more stable magnetic field and a more efficient ion detection. Altogether these changes should reduce the uncertainty in future mass determinations by an order of magnitude, possibly down to 10-11.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Physics, Stockholm University, 2011. 64 p.
Keyword
SMILETRAP, Precision mass spectrometry, Penning trap, Atomic mass, Highly charged ions, Low energy ion storage, Time of flight ion cyclotron resonance, High frequency, Proton mass, QED, g-factor
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-56777 (URN)978-91-7447-303-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-05-26, sal FB53, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following paper was unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 9: Accepted.Available from: 2011-05-04 Created: 2011-04-27 Last updated: 2011-05-13Bibliographically approved
2. The Penning trap mass spectrometer SMILETRAP II and evaporative cooling of highly-charged ions
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Penning trap mass spectrometer SMILETRAP II and evaporative cooling of highly-charged ions
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Accurate mass values have wide-ranging applications in physics and metrology, allowing, for example, to test quantum electrodynamics and fundamental symmetries, to determine fundamental constants, and to establish weight standards.

This thesis describes the new high-precision double-Penning trap mass spectrometer SMILETRAP II which aims at relative uncertainties in the mass determination of 10-10 and below. SMILETRAP II exploits the merits of highly-charged ions as the relative precision in the mass determination with Penning traps is directly proportional to the charge state of the ion. The spectrometer was therefore connected to the electron beam ion trap S-EBIT which is designed to produce bare ions of practically any element up to uranium.

Technical and experimental developments were realized to overcome limitations that restricted the achievable precision at the former spectrometer SMILETRAP I. The technical developments include, for example, an ion detection setup with close to 100% efficiency and an extremely stable temperature-regulation system. Temperature fluctuations constitute a main limitation for the attainable precision.

Cold ions are a prerequisite to reach high precision in experiments with Penning traps. This makes cooling of the ions from the ion sources necessary. Ion temperature measurement and cooling experiments were performed. The transverse temperature of the trapped ions was determined via the emittance of extracted ions. A pepperpot emittance meter was designed to meet the requirements of low-energy, low-intensity beams. To measure the axial temperature and assess the ions’ longitudinal phase-space density, a coherent extraction method was developed. The evaporative cooling technique was successfully implemented. In particular, evaporative cooling of highly-charged ions in a Penning trap could be observed for the first time.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Physics, Stockholm University, 2011. 82 p.
Keyword
Penning trap, Precision mass spectrometry, Atomic mass, Highly-charged ions, Evaporative cooling, Coherent oscillation, Ion beam emittance
National Category
Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-57787 (URN)978-91-7447-317-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-06-17, FA32, AlbaNova universitetscentrum, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Epub ahead of print. Paper 6: Accepted. Available from: 2011-05-26 Created: 2011-05-19 Last updated: 2011-05-20Bibliographically approved

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