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Sorption of native polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) to black carbon and amended activated carbon in soil
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Applied Environmental Science (ITM).
2008 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, E-ISSN 1879-1298, Vol. 73, no 11, 1805-1810 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Organic pollutants (e.g. polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH)) strongly sorb to carbonaceous sorbents such as black carbon and activated carbon (BC and AC, respectively). For a creosote-contaminated soil (Sigma 15PAH 5500 mg kg(dry weight(dw))-(1)) and an urban soil with moderate PAH content (Sigma 15PAH 38 mg kg(-1)), dry dw total organic carbon-water distribution coefficients (K-TOC) were up to a factor of 100 above values for amorphous (humic) organic carbon obtained by a frequently used Linear-Free-Energy Relationship. This increase could be explained by inclusion of BC (urban soil) or oil (creosote-contaminated soil) into the sorption model. AC is a manufactured sorbent for organic pollutants with similar strong sorption properties as the combustion by-product BC. AC has the potential to be used for in situ remediation of contaminated soils and sediments. The addition of small amounts of powdered AC (2%) to the moderately contaminated urban soil reduced the freely dissolved aqueous concentration of native PAH in soil/water suspensions Lip to 99%. For granulated AC amended to the urban soil, the reduction in freely dissolved concentrations was not as strong (median 64%), especially for the heavier PAH. This is probably due to blockage of the pore system of granulated AC resulting in AC deactivation by soil components. For powdered and granulated AC amended to the heavily contaminated creosote soil, median reductions were 63% and 4%, respectively, probably due to saturation of AC sorption sites by the high PAH concentrations and/or blockage of sorption sites and pores by oil.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 73, no 11, 1805-1810 p.
Keyword [en]
Organic carbon, Black carbon, Activated carbon, PAH, Creosote, Soil, polycyclic aromatic-hydrocarbons, natural organic-substances, contaminated sediment, adsorptive properties, reduce pcb, creosote, water, bioaccumulation, residues, bioavailability
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-57710DOI: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2008.08.034ISI: 000261600000016OAI: diva2:417644
authorCount :4Available from: 2011-05-17 Created: 2011-05-16 Last updated: 2011-05-18Bibliographically approved

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Cornelissen, Gerard
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