Transstadial and horizontal transfer of bacteria within a colony of Anopheles gambiae (DipteraCulicidae) and oviposition response to bacteria-containing water:
2008 (English)In: Acta Tropica, ISSN 0001-706X, E-ISSN 1873-6254, Vol. 107, no 3, 242-250 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In a paratransgenic approach, genetically modified bacteria are utilized to kill the parasite in the vector gut. A critical component for paratransgenics against malaria is how transgenic bacteria can be introduced and then kept in a mosquito population. Here, we investigated transstadial and horizontal transfer of bacteria within an Anopheles gambiae mosquito colony with the focus on spiked breeding sites as a possible means of introducing bacteria to mosquitoes. A Pantoea stewartii strain, previously isolated from An. gambiae, marked with a green fluorescent protein (GFP), was introduced to mosquitoes in different life stages. The following life stages or older mosquitoes in the case of adults were screened for bacteria in their guts. In addition to P. stewartii other bacteria were isolated from the guts: these were identified by 16S rRNA sequence analysis and temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TTGE). Bacteria were transferred from larvae to pupae but not from pupae to adults. The mosquitoes were able to take up bacteria from the water they emerged from and transfer the same bacteria to the water they laid eggs in. Eliza-bethkingia meningoseptica was more often isolated from adult mosquitoes than P. stewartii. A bioassay was used to examine An. gambiae oviposition responses towards bacteria-containing solutions. The volatiles emitted from the solutions were sampled by headspace-solid phase microextraction (SPME) and identified by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. P. stewartii but not E. meningoseptica mediated a positive oviposition response. The volatiles emitted by P stewartii include indole and 3-methyl-1 -butanol, which previously have been shown to affect An. gambiae mosquito behaviour. E. meningoseptica emitted indole but not 3-methyl-1 -butanol, when suspended in saline. Taken together, this indicates that it may be possible to create attractive breeding sites for distribution of genetically modified bacteria in the field in a paratransgenic approach against malaria. Further research is needed to determine if the bacteria are also transferred in the same way in nature.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 107, no 3, 242-250 p.
Oviposition, Dual choice, Bacteria, Paratransgenics, Malaria
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-57865DOI: 10.1016/j.actatropica.2008.06.008ISI: 000260707800005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-57865DiVA: diva2:418393
authorCount :32011-05-232011-05-232011-05-23Bibliographically approved