Consolidated silica glass from nanoparticles
2008 (English)In: Journal of Solid State Chemistry, ISSN 0022-4596, E-ISSN 1095-726X, Vol. 181, no 9, 2442-2447 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A dense silica glass was prepared by consolidating a highly dispersed silicic acid powder (particle size < 10 nm) with the Spark Plasma Sintering (SPS) technique. The glass was characterized by ellipsometry, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), infrared reflectance and transmittance spectroscopy, as well as by Raman, UV-Vis-NIR and solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. The prototypic sample showed a transmittance of about 63% compared to silica glass in the UV-Vis spectral range. Based on the results of infrared transmittance spectroscopy this lower transparency is due to the comparably high water content, which is about 40 times higher than that in silica glass. H-1 magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR confirmed an increase in hydroxyl groups in tie sample prepared by SPS relative to that of the conventional SiO2 reference glass. Aside from the comparably high water content, we conclude from the similarity of the IR-reflectance and the Si-29 MAS NMR spectra of the SPS sample and the corresponding spectra of the conventionally prepared silica glass, that the short- and medium-range order is virtually the same in both materials. Raman spectroscopy, however, Suggests that the number of three- and four-membered rings is significantly smaller in the SPS sample compared to the conventionally prepared sample. Based on these results we conclude that it is possible to prepare glasses by compacting amorphous powders by the SPS process. The SPS process may therefore enable the preparation of glasses with compositions inaccessible by conventional methods.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 181, no 9, 2442-2447 p.
Glass, Spark Plasma Sintering, ellipsometry, TEM, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-57885DOI: 10.1016/j.ssc.2008.06.011ISI: 000259415800048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-57885DiVA: diva2:418441
authorCount :62011-05-232011-05-232011-05-23Bibliographically approved