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Sleep loss and accidents: Work hours, life style, and sleep pathology
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Stress Research Institute. Karolinska Institutet.
2011 (English)In: Human Sleep and Cognition Part II: Clinical and Applied Research / [ed] Hans P. A. Van Dongen and Gerard A. Kerkhof, Elsevier Science , 2011, Vol. 190, 169-188 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

A very important outcome of reduced sleep is accidents. The present chapter will attempt to bring together some of the present knowledge in this area. We will focus on the driving situation, for which the evidence of the link between sleep loss and accidents is quite well established, but we will also bring up working life in general where evidence is more sparse. It should be emphasized that reduced sleep as a cause of accidents implies that the mediating factor is sleepiness (or fatigue). This link is discussed elsewhere in this volume, but here we will bring in sleepiness (subjective or physiological) as an explanatory factor of accidents. Another central observation is that many real life accident studies do not link accidents to reduced sleep, but infer reduced sleep and/or sleepiness from the context, like, for example, from work schedules, life styles, or sleep pathology. Reduced sleep is mainly due to suboptimal work schedules (or to a suboptimal life style) or to sleep pathology. We have divided the present chapter into two areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Science , 2011. Vol. 190, 169-188 p.
, Progress in Brain Research, ISSN 0079-6123 ; 190
Keyword [en]
reduced sleep, sleepiness, sleep pathology, accidents, driving behavior, working life
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-58001DOI: 10.1016/B978-0-444-53817-8.00011-6ISI: 000311226800012PubMedID: 21531252Local ID: P2861ISBN: 978-0-44-453818-5OAI: diva2:419336
Available from: 2011-05-26 Created: 2011-05-26 Last updated: 2013-10-07Bibliographically approved

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Åkerstedt, TorbjörnKecklund, Göran
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