Emerginglexical representations in early infancy
2011 (English)In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America / [ed] Allan D. Pierce, 2011, 2596-2596 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
This presentation proposes the view thattypical early infant-directed speech (IDS) in the infant’s ecological settingprovides enough multisensory information to trigger the emergence of lexicalrepresentations, a theoretical view inspired by analyses of the care-givers’speech towards infants at different developmental stages. It is argued that theadult’s speaking style in early IDS within the context of the infants immediateecological setting provides enough correlated sensory information to derivepotentially relevant lexical items from the stream of speech sounds and objectsto which the infant is exposed. The proposed theoretical model of earlylanguage development (ETLA, Ecological Theory of Language Acquisition) is supportedboth by experimental results indicating that 40 Swedish infants, in the ageranges 8-10 months and 14-16 months, could infer object names from looking atone-minute video materials where objects were shown and described by naturalutterances produced in languages unknown to the infants, and by mathematicalsimulations of how early lexical items can be derived from typicalinfant-directed speech handled by the infant’s general-purpose multisensory(audio-visual) representation capabilities.
The studies on which this work is based were supportedby grants from The Bank of Sweden Tercentenary Foundation, grant K2003:0867 (MILLE),EU-NEST project n. 5010, CONTACT, Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, Grantno. KAW 2005.0115, and Stockholm University.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. 2596-2596 p.
, The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Vol 129, No. 4, Pt. 2 of 2, April 2011
Early language acquisition, ETLA, Ecological theory of language acquisition
Barns språkutveckling, ETLA, tidig språkutveckling, barnriktat tal
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject Phonetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-58590OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-58590DiVA: diva2:420735
161st Meeting Acoustical Society of America
Oral presentation at the 161st ASA meeting, Seattle, USA2011-06-042011-06-042014-04-29