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O-2 density and temperature profiles retrieving from direct solar Lyman-alpha radiation measurements
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Meteorology .
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2009 (English)In: Geomagnetism and Aeronomy, ISSN 0016-7932, E-ISSN 1555-645X, Vol. 49, no 8, 1292-1295 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The resonance transition P-2-S-2 of the atomic hydrogen (Lyman-alpha emission) is the strongest and most conspicuous feature in the solar EUV spectrum. The Lyman-alpha radiation transfer depends on the resonance scattering from the hydrogen atoms in the atmosphere and on the O-2 absorption. Since the Lyman-alpha extinction in the atmosphere is a measure for the column density of the oxygen molecules, the atmospheric O-2 density and temperature profiles can be calculated thereof. A detector of solar Lyman-alpha radiation was manufactured in the Stara Zagora Department of the Solar-Terrestrial Influences Laboratory (STIL). Its basic part is an ionization camera, filled in with NO. A 60 V power supply is applied to the chamber. The produced photoelectric current from the sensor is fed to a two-channel amplifier, providing analog signal. The characteristics of the Lyman-alpha detector were studied. It passed successfully all tests and the results showed that the so-designed instrument could be used in rocket experiments to measure the Lymanalpha flux. From the measurements of the detector, the Lyman-alpha vertical profile can be obtained. Programs are created to compute the O-2 density, atmospheric power and temperature profiles based on Lymanalpha data. The detector design appertained to ASLAF project (Attenuation of the Solar Lyman-Alpha Flux), a scientific cooperation between STIL-Bul.Acad.Sci., Stara Zagora Department and the Atmospheric Physics Group at the Department of Meteorology (MISU), Stockholm University, Sweden. The joint project was part of the rocket experiment HotPay I, in the ALOMAR eARI Project, EU's 6th Framework Programme, Andoya Rocket Range, Andenes, Norway. The project is partly financed by the Bulgarian Ministry of Science and Education.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 49, no 8, 1292-1295 p.
Keyword [en]
Mesosphere
National Category
Natural Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-59412DOI: 10.1134/S0016793209080532ISI: 000273446200053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-59412DiVA: diva2:427169
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authorCount :16Available from: 2011-06-27 Created: 2011-06-27 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Witt, GeorgGumbel, JörgKhaplanov, MikhailHedin, Jonas
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