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Laryngeal mechanisms in speech: The contributions of Jan Gauffin
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.
2009 (English)In: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology, ISSN 1401-5439, Vol. 34, no 4, 149-156 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Jan Gauffin was an early user of fiber optics which allowed him to discover that laryngeal structures above the glottal level are involved in speech. His research led him to postulate three independently controlled mechanisms: fundamental frequency control, glottal adduction/abduction, and laryngealization,the latter derived from the protective closure function. He argued that phonetic theory must be revised to account for the main phonation types of the world's languages. He saw them as combinations of two interacting dimensions: adduction/abduction and laryngealization. Secondly he gave the aryepiglottic sphincter an explanatory role in accounting for the production of low pitch and downward pitch inflections. During his lifetime his work received limited attention. However, later laryngoscopic research has confirmed and extended his thinking and findings. His contribution was a pioneering one.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 34, no 4, 149-156 p.
Keyword [en]
Aryepiglottic sphincter, evolutionary roots of laryngeal mechanisms, fundamental frequency control, laryngealization, phonation types, protective closure
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-59377DOI: 10.3109/14015430903008772ISI: 000273202600002OAI: diva2:429632
authorCount :1Available from: 2011-07-05 Created: 2011-06-27 Last updated: 2011-07-05Bibliographically approved

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