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A model study on oceanic processes during the Indian Ocean Dipole termination
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geology and Geochemistry.
2009 (English)In: Meteorology and atmospheric physics (Print), ISSN 0177-7971, E-ISSN 1436-5065, Vol. 105, no 02-jan, 17-27 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, the processes affecting the temperature variability over the Southeastern Tropical Indian Ocean (STIO) during 1958-2000, accomplishing the positive and negative Indian Ocean Dipole (IOD) events are analyzed. The upper ocean heat budget analysis of the STIO has been carried out to understand the oceanic process during the termination of the recent strongest IOD events. The three recent strongest positive IOD events (1961, 1994 and 1997) and a strong negative IOD event (1996) are considered for detailed analysis. The heat budget analysis revealed that the positive net-surface heat flux and vertical advection played dominant roles in the termination of 1997 IOD event, whereas horizontal and vertical advections are responsible for the termination of IOD events during 1961 and 1994. The anomalous negative surface heat flux and horizontal advection caused the dipole termination during the negative dipole year 1996. The findings are well supported by the analysis of anomaly correlation between model upper ocean heat content tendency and heat budget components. Significant intra-seasonal oscillations (ISOs) in sea surface temperature (SST) anomaly are seen during the initial phase of termination in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean during 1961 and 1994 IOD events. The influence of ISOs in SST is not so evident during the IOD termination in 1997. It is found that the termination processes have started more than a month prior to the actual IOD termination.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 105, no 02-jan, 17-27 p.
Keyword [en]
general-circulation model, el-nino, interannual variability, climate variability, events, sst, dynamics, impact, sea, temperature
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-59961DOI: 10.1007/s00703-009-0033-8ISI: 000269534200002OAI: diva2:432553
authorCount :4Available from: 2011-08-04 Created: 2011-08-02 Last updated: 2011-08-04Bibliographically approved

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