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The effect of leaving group on mechanistic preference in phosphate monoesterhydrolysis
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Organic Chemistry.
2011 (English)In: Organic and biomolecular chemistry, ISSN 1477-0520, E-ISSN 1477-0539, Vol. 9, no 15, 5394-5406 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We present 2-dimensional potential energy surfaces and  transition states (TS) for water attack on a series of substituted phosphate monoester monoanions at the DFT level of theory, comparing a standard 6-31++g(d,p) basis set with a larger triple-zeta (augmented cc-pVTZ) basis set. Small fluorinated model compounds are used to simulate increasing leaving group stability without adding further geometrical complexity to the system. We demonstrate that whilst changing the leaving group causes little qualitative change in the potential energy surfaces (with the exception of the system with the most electron withdrawing leaving group, CF3O-, in which the associative pathway changes from a stepwise AN + DN pathway to a concerted ANDN pathway), there is a quantitative change in relative gas-phase and solution barriers for the two competing pathways. In line with previous studies, in the case of OCH3, the barriers for the associative and dissociative pathways are similar in solution, and the two pathways are equally viable and indistinguishable in solution. However, significantly increasing the stability of the leaving group (decreasing proton affinity, PA) results in the progressive favouring of a stepwise dissociative, DN + AN, mechanism over associative mechanisms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 9, no 15, 5394-5406 p.
National Category
Organic Chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-59997DOI: 10.1039/c0ob01210fISI: 000292983400014OAI: diva2:432563
Available from: 2011-08-04 Created: 2011-08-04 Last updated: 2012-01-20Bibliographically approved

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Kamerlin, Shina C. L.
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