Isolation of High Density Lipoprotein Subclasses by Electrofiltration and Their Chemical Components
2009 (English)In: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology, ISSN 1082-6068, E-ISSN 1532-2297, Vol. 39, no 3, 248-265 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The exact role of high density lipoprotein in atheroprotection is not well understood yet due to its complex nature; it comprises more than ten subclasses that vary in size, composition, and function. Isolation and characterization of these subclasses is an important step for further studies addressing their functions in health and disease. In this work, we present a novel method that is relatively simple and efficient for isolation of high density lipoprotein subclasses. The method depends on fractional filtration of the subclasses through a preformed gel membrane system under the effect of an electric field, where the stepwise isolation of the subclasses depends on differences in their rates of migration in polyacrylamide gel. Using this design, we were able to isolate seven high density lipoprotein subclasses with relative molecular masses of 42,000-50,000; 71,000; 103,000; 124,000; 150,000; 182,000; and 219,000. All the subclasses contained apolipoprotein A-I, phosphatidylcholine, sphingomyelin, free cholesterol, esterified cholesterol, and triacylglycerols. Some fractions of some samples contained the apolipoproteins A-II, C-I, C-II, C-III, and E. A subclass of molecular mass of 106,000 was identified and isolated from a healthy young subject that contained albumin and apoA-I with some free and esterified cholesterol, but with no triacylglycerols. This electrofiltration technique offers a novel tool for isolating pure native high density lipoprotein subclasses in a concentrated form that can be used directly for detailed studies of their physicochemical and physiological properties.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 39, no 3, 248-265 p.
ApoA-I-Albumin lipoprotein, Electroelution, Electrofiltration, Electroimmunoblotting, Electrophoresis, HDL lipids, HDL subclasses isolation
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-60060DOI: 10.1080/10826060902952964ISI: 000265975000002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-60060DiVA: diva2:433294
authorCount :32011-08-092011-08-082011-08-09Bibliographically approved