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An environmental record of changes in sedimentary organic matter from Lake Sattal in Kumaun Himalayas, India
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Geology and Geochemistry.
2009 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 407, no 8, 2783-2795 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sattal a small mountainous lake in the Kumaun Himalayas has been impacted by various cultural activities in recent years. We explored the effects of human-induced changes in this lake by using various geochemical proxies. Shifts in TOC and N flux, C/N ratio, stable isotopes (delta C-13 and delta N-15), n-alkane, and pigment concentrations in sediments indicate a steady increase in primary productivity over the last few decades. The trophic status of the lake has changed from mesotrophic to eutrophic condition. The C/N, CPI, and TAR based ratios in sediments indicate accumulation of algal matter derived primarily from in situ production, with limited input of terrestrial organic matter from the watershed. The low (between 0.1 and 1 parts per thousand) delta N-15 values imply N-2-fixation by cyanobacteria, and the decrease in delta C-13 values up-core represent the effect of sewage input and land based runoff, or possible contribution from microbial biomass. The pigments change from non-N-2 fixing cyanobacterial species to the N-2-fixing community, and are consistent with the proxy-based productivity shifts inferred in the lake. The deeper sediments are affected by post-diagenetic changes causing an increase in delta C-13 (and possibly delta N-15) due to mineralization of organic C and N. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 407, no 8, 2783-2795 p.
Keyword [en]
Productivity, Stable isotopes, Hydrocarbons, Pigments, Cyanobacteria
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-60229DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.12.020ISI: 000264922000034OAI: diva2:434504
authorCount :3Available from: 2011-08-15 Created: 2011-08-11 Last updated: 2011-08-15Bibliographically approved

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