Export Banana production systems in Costa Rica: identification of alternative systems for more sustainable production
(English)In: Ambio, ISSN 0044-7447Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Green revolution technologies transformed agricultural production. Large-scale, monocropped systems dependent on synthetic fertilizers and pesticides have become the norm for export crop production. This production system, while increasing yields, has deleterious impacts on human health and the environment. This research investigates the level of variation in production practices for export banana production inCosta Rica, in order to identify pioneering producers, who have managed to transform production practices to reduce agrochemical use. Thirty-nine banana producers were interviewed. Correspondence analysis showed that there is not structured variation in export banana producers’ practices, but two other banana production systems identified produce bananas for processing and for the national market: an organic production system and a coffee-banana intercropped system. Although they target different markets, systems level research may reveal ways that these practices can be scaled up to achieve a productive and profitable system producing high-quality export bananas with fewer or no pesticides.
Costa Rica, banana, production systems, conventional, organic
Research subject Ecotoxicology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-61845OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-61845DiVA: diva2:438170