What's Sex Got to Do with It? Women and Men in European Labour Markets
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
This thesis consists of four empirical studies on women and men in European labour markets.
Study I examines effects of the sex of the immediate supervisor on the time men and women spend in initial on-the-job training (OJT) in Sweden. The results show that men receive longer initial OJT than women do, but men’s time in training is independent of the supervisor’s sex. For women in the private sector, the chances of receiving long initial OJT are higher if the immediate supervisor is a man.
Study II analyses effects of labour market institutions on the quality of part-time work by comparing the skills and autonomy of female part-time jobs in Britain and Sweden. The results show that female part-time employees in Sweden hold positions of higher skill and have more autonomy compared to their equivalents in Britain. Both British and Swedish part-time employees face relative disadvantages when compared to female full-time workers.
Study III examines associations between maternal employment policies and wage penalties for mothers by skill in 10 European countries. The results indicate that, net of variation in female labour force participation, extensive publicly funded childcare is associated with a modest decrease in the motherhood wage penalty, regardless of skill. By contrast, paid maternity leave is weakly associated with a larger motherhood wage gap in less skilled jobs only.
Study IV examines the extent to which women’s opportunities to attain positions of high workplace authority are related to maternal employment policies, such as paid parental leave and part-time work. Based on data from 25 European countries, the results show that a high proportion of women working long part-time hours is associated with a wider gender gap in the attainment of high authority positions, to the disadvantage of women. However, paid parental leave appears to be unrelated to the gender authority gap.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University , 2011. , 36 p.
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 85
gender inequality, labour market, country comparisons, skills, work-family balance, part-time, maternity/parental leave, childcare, family policy, Sweden, Europe
Research subject Sociology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-61877ISBN: 978-91-7447-329-2OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-61877DiVA: diva2:438293
2011-09-30, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Tomaskovic-Devey, Donald, Professor
Tåhlin, Michael, ProfessorNermo, Magnus, Docent
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Manuscript. Paper 2: In press. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.2011-09-082011-09-012012-02-17Bibliographically approved
List of papers