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Taking Training to Task: Sex of the Immediate Supervisor and Men’s and Women’s Time in Initial On-the-Job Training
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The importance of applying a firm-level perspective when estimating labor market stratification by gender and ethnicity has been established in the literature. Drawing on theories of homophily, homosocial reproduction, and human capital theory, this study examines the effects of the sex of the immediate supervisor on the length of time men and women spend in initial on-the-job training (OJT). Analyses were conducted using cross-sectional data from the 2000 Swedish Level of Living Survey and matched employer registry data. The results show that men receive longer initial OJT compared with women, but men’s time in initial OJT is independent of the sex of the supervisor. For women in the private sector, the chances of receiving long initial OJT are higher if the immediate supervisor is a man. There is therefore little evidence supporting gender discriminatory practices in line with homophily and homosocial reproduction. The findings are discussed in terms of gender differences with regard to the firm resources available to male and female supervisors and dissimilarities in the skill levels and complexity of the jobs men and women supervise.

Keyword [en]
initial on-the-job training; gender differences, sex of the supervisor
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-62069OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-62069DiVA: diva2:439711
Available from: 2011-09-08 Created: 2011-09-08 Last updated: 2011-09-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. What's Sex Got to Do with It? Women and Men in European Labour Markets
Open this publication in new window or tab >>What's Sex Got to Do with It? Women and Men in European Labour Markets
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of four empirical studies on women and men in European labour markets.

Study I examines effects of the sex of the immediate supervisor on the time men and women spend in initial on-the-job training (OJT) in Sweden. The results show that men receive longer initial OJT than women do, but men’s time in training is independent of the supervisor’s sex. For women in the private sector, the chances of receiving long initial OJT are higher if the immediate supervisor is a man.

Study II analyses effects of labour market institutions on the quality of part-time work by comparing the skills and autonomy of female part-time jobs in Britain and Sweden. The results show that female part-time employees in Sweden hold positions of higher skill and have more autonomy compared to their equivalents in Britain. Both British and Swedish part-time employees face relative disadvantages when compared to female full-time workers.

Study III examines associations between maternal employment policies and wage penalties for mothers by skill in 10 European countries. The results indicate that, net of variation in female labour force participation, extensive publicly funded childcare is associated with a modest decrease in the motherhood wage penalty, regardless of skill. By contrast, paid maternity leave is weakly associated with a larger motherhood wage gap in less skilled jobs only.

Study IV examines the extent to which women’s opportunities to attain positions of high workplace authority are related to maternal employment policies, such as paid parental leave and part-time work. Based on data from 25 European countries, the results show that a high proportion of women working long part-time hours is associated with a wider gender gap in the attainment of high authority positions, to the disadvantage of women. However, paid parental leave appears to be unrelated to the gender authority gap.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Sociology, Stockholm University, 2011. 36 p.
Series
Swedish Institute for Social Research, ISSN 0283-8222 ; 85
Keyword
gender inequality, labour market, country comparisons, skills, work-family balance, part-time, maternity/parental leave, childcare, family policy, Sweden, Europe
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-61877 (URN)978-91-7447-329-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-09-30, De Geersalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Manuscript. Paper 2: In press. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 4: Manuscript.Available from: 2011-09-08 Created: 2011-09-01 Last updated: 2012-02-17Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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