Taking Training to Task: Sex of the Immediate Supervisor and Men’s and Women’s Time in Initial On-the-Job Training
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The importance of applying a firm-level perspective when estimating labor market stratification by gender and ethnicity has been established in the literature. Drawing on theories of homophily, homosocial reproduction, and human capital theory, this study examines the effects of the sex of the immediate supervisor on the length of time men and women spend in initial on-the-job training (OJT). Analyses were conducted using cross-sectional data from the 2000 Swedish Level of Living Survey and matched employer registry data. The results show that men receive longer initial OJT compared with women, but men’s time in initial OJT is independent of the sex of the supervisor. For women in the private sector, the chances of receiving long initial OJT are higher if the immediate supervisor is a man. There is therefore little evidence supporting gender discriminatory practices in line with homophily and homosocial reproduction. The findings are discussed in terms of gender differences with regard to the firm resources available to male and female supervisors and dissimilarities in the skill levels and complexity of the jobs men and women supervise.
initial on-the-job training; gender differences, sex of the supervisor
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-62069OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-62069DiVA: diva2:439711