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Potential relevance of general purpose mechanisms to the onset of language: Audio-visual integration of object attributes
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics. (barnspråk)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7046-4917
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics. (Jollergruppen)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7980-3601
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7658-9307
Stockholm University, Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Phonetics. (Jollergruppen)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3981-2551
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2005 (English)In: ESF Research Conference on Brain Development and Cognition in Human Infants, Acquafredda di Maratea, October 1-6, 2005, .: From Action to Cognition, 2005Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The paper addresses the issue of extraction of implicit information conveyed by systematic audio-visual contingencies. A group of infants was tested, with help of the Eye-Tracking analysis system, on a simple inference task provided by short film sequences. The video sequences displayed geometrical objects while the audio played two-word utterances, spoken in an artificial language mimicking the Swedish phonotactics, implicitly referring to the different shapes and colours of the objects. The films were initiated with a static baseline image where the display was divided in four quadrants showing four objects, one in each quadrant. This initial procedure was intended to measure the subject’s spontaneous looking preference towards each of the objects.  Finally after the exposure phase, a test phase was initiated where questions equivalent to “Can you see a cube?” or “Can you see the red (one)?” spoken in the artificial language were asked. At this point the results suggest that the subjects are efficient at picking up the underlying information structure. Further analyses are expected to show more differentiated picture regarding the performance of infants of different age as well as generalization of nouns and adjectives. This is currently being analyzed and will be reported at the conference.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005.
Keyword [en]
language acquisition
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
Research subject
Phonetics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-62097OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-62097DiVA: diva2:439782
Conference
ESF Research Conference on Brain Development and Cognition in Human Infants – From Action to Cognition, Acquafredda di Maratea, Italy 2005
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Available from: 2011-09-09 Created: 2011-09-09 Last updated: 2014-05-26

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Klintfors, EevaLacerda, FranciscoMarklund, EllenGustavsson, LisaSundberg, UllaBjursäter, Ulla
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