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Social-ecological memories as a source of general and specific resilience
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
Stockholm University, Faculty of Science, Department of Systems Ecology. Stockholm University, Stockholm Resilience Centre.
2012 (English)In: Ecology & society, ISSN 1708-3087, E-ISSN 1708-3087Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012.
National Category
Ecology
Research subject
Natural Resources Management
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-62440OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-62440DiVA: diva2:441845
Available from: 2011-09-21 Created: 2011-09-19 Last updated: 2017-12-08Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Rowing social-ecological systems: morals, culture and resilience
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rowing social-ecological systems: morals, culture and resilience
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The shift from management and governance of ecosystems to relational complex adaptive social-ecological systems (SES) emphasizes a dynamic and integrated humans-in-nature perspective. Such a shift also needs to investigate how diversity and differences in cultures and morals relate to the existence of SES. The papers of this thesis relate these dimensions to SES resilience theory. Paper I analyzes cultural and landscape ecological aspects of trees and tree planting in Androy, Madagascar. Culturally, planting trees serves as a symbol of renewal, purification, agreement and boundary-making. Ecologically, planting trees contributes to the generation of ecosystem services in an otherwise fragmented landscape. Paper II tests the role of forest patches for generating pollination services to local beans that constitute an important protein staple in Androy. The results indicate a significant effect of insect pollination on bean yields and a strong spatial pattern of locating bean plots closer to forests than expected by chance, improving rural food security. Paper III addresses the adaptive capacity of the indigenous forest management in Androy with regard to religious and climatic drivers of change. Paper IV is concerned with cultural analysis of the robustness of provisioning ecosystem services in Androy and the interdependence of morality, cultural practices and generated ecosystem services. Paper V explores how social-ecological memory (SEM) can be seen both as a source of inertia and path dependence and a source of adaptive capacity for renewal and reorganization in the emerging theory about social-ecological systems. Paper VI analyses the film Avatar and discusses ethical–epistemic obligations of researchers as cross-scale knowledge brokers in emerging forms of global environmental politics. The thesis has interdependencies between the social and the ecological and shown that cultural and moral analyses bring important insights and challenges to resilience thinking.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, 2011. 71 p.
Keyword
resilience, culture, moral, complex social-ecological systems, southern Madagascar, Planetary Boundaries
National Category
Biological Sciences
Research subject
Natural Resources Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-62422 (URN)978-91-7447-359-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2011-10-13, William-Olssonsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 14, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 2: Submitted. Paper 3: Manuscript. Paper 5: Submitted. Paper 6: In press.

Available from: 2011-09-22 Created: 2011-09-19 Last updated: 2014-09-12Bibliographically approved
2. Social learning in the Anthropocene: Governance of natural resources in human dominated systems
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social learning in the Anthropocene: Governance of natural resources in human dominated systems
2012 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We live in the Anthropocene – an age where humans dominate natural systems – and there is ample evidence that our current practices degrade the capacity of natural systems to provide us with natural resources. How we, as humans, organize and learn, in communities and among state and other societal actors, constitute a decisive factor for both local management of natural resources and the functioning of the planet Earth. In other words, the outcome of learning has become a matter of governance across multiple levels. This thesis studies the role of social learning in governance of natural resources, asking the following three overarching questions: i) What are the institutional barriers limiting better environmental governance at different scales? ii) Is there a causal connection between social learning and better environmental governance? iii) What are the normative challenges with better environmental governance or social-ecological resilience being linked to the adaptive capacity of actors to learn socially? The primary method is semi-structured in-depth interviews. Papers provide results on institutional barriers such as competency traps and show how customs and current practices and collaborations limit better environmental governance. It is found that social learning might, and might not, lead to better environmental governance, and the causal connection between social learning and better environmental governance is found to be rather weak, with both variables depending on other factors. Enabling policy, a mandate to make broad assessments, or an engaged leader facilitating social learning, are examples of factors that explain the existence of both social learning and outcomes in terms of better environmental governance. It is concluded that since conditions for, and facilitation of, social learning are so important, research should focus more on what initiates social learning and how social learning can be mainstreamed across multiple levels of governance

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Systems Ecology, Stockholm University, 2012. 48 p.
Keyword
social learning, multi-level governance, resilience, adaptability, natural resource management, institutions, policy making, impact assessments
National Category
Other Natural Sciences
Research subject
Natural Resources Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-74836 (URN)978-91-7447-484-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2012-06-08, Nordenskiöldsalen, Geovetenskapens hus, Svante Arrhenius väg 12, Stockholm, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 3: Submitted: Paper 4: Submitted; Paper 5: Submitted.Available from: 2012-05-10 Created: 2012-03-27 Last updated: 2012-05-03Bibliographically approved

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