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The Causal Effect of Parents' Schooling on Children's Schooling: A Comparison of Estimation Methods
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI).
2011 (English)In: Journal of Economic Literature, ISSN 0022-0515, Vol. 49, no 3, 615-651 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We review the empirical literature that estimates the causal effect of parent’s schooling on child’s schooling, and conclude that estimates differ across studies. We then consider three explanations for why this is: (a) idiosyncratic differences in data sets, (b) differences in remaining biases between different identification strategies, and (c) differences across identification strategies in their ability to make out-of-sample predictions. We conclude that discrepancies in past studies can be explained by violations of identifying assumptions. Our reading of past evidence, together with an application to Swedish register data, suggests that intergenerational schooling associations are largely driven by selection. Parental schooling constitutes a large part of the parental nurture effect, but as a whole does not play a large role.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 49, no 3, 615-651 p.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-62672DOI: 10.1257/jel.49.3.615ISI: 000295082100002OAI: diva2:443851
Available from: 2011-09-27 Created: 2011-09-27 Last updated: 2012-01-16Bibliographically approved

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Holmlund, Helena
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The Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI)
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