Bounding the Time Delay between High-energy Neutrinos and Gravitational-wave Transients from Gamma-ray Bursts
2011 (English)In: Astroparticle physics, ISSN 0927-6505, E-ISSN 1873-2852, Vol. 35, no 1, 1-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We derive a conservative coincidence time window for joint searches of gravitational-wave (GW) transients and high-energy neutrinos (HENs, with energies ≳100 GeV), emitted by gamma-ray bursts (GRBs). The last are among the most interesting astrophysical sources for coincident detections with current and near-future detectors. We take into account a broad range of emission mechanisms. We take the upper limit of GRB durations as the 95% quantile of the T90’s of GRBs observed by BATSE, obtaining a GRB duration upper limit of ∼150 s. Using published results on high-energy (>100 MeV) photon light curves for 8 GRBs detected by Fermi LAT, we verify that most high-energy photons are expected to be observed within the first ∼150 s of the GRB. Taking into account the breakout-time of the relativistic jet produced by the central engine, we allow GW and HEN emission to begin up to 100 s before the onset of observable gamma photon production. Using published precursor time differences, we calculate a time upper bound for precursor activity, obtaining that 95% of precursors occur within ∼250 s prior to the onset of the GRB. Taking the above different processes into account, we arrive at a time window of tHEN − tGW ∈ [−500 s, +500 s]. Considering the above processes, an upper bound can also be determined for the expected time window of GW and/or HEN signals coincident with a detected GRB, tGW − tGRB ≈ tHEN − tGRB ∈ [−350 s, +150 s]. These upper bounds can be used to limit the coincidence time window in multimessenger searches, as well as aiding the interpretation of the times of arrival of measured signals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 35, no 1, 1-7 p.
Gravitational wave, High-energy neutrino, Gamma-ray burst, Multimessenger, Time window
Research subject Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63091DOI: 10.1016/j.astropartphys.2011.04.001ISI: 000295759400001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-63091DiVA: diva2:446678
Publikationen har totalt 19 författare, B. Baret et al.2011-10-082011-10-082012-01-17Bibliographically approved