Alcohol-related mortality in 15 European countries in the postwar period
2002 (English)In: European Journal of Population, ISSN 0168-6577, E-ISSN 1572-9885, Vol. 18, no 4, 307-323 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this paper isto assess postwar differences and trends inalcohol-related mortality in the currentEuropean Union (minus Luxembourg plus Norway)on the basis of liver cirrhosis mortality anddeaths with explicit mention of alcohol,primarily alcohol dependence, alcohol psychosisand alcohol poisoning (AAA). The questionof the extent to which these indicators arecomparable across Western European countries isalso addressed. A marked north-south gradientwas found for cirrhosis mortality, with thehighest rates revealed in Southern Europe andthe lowest in Northern Europe. However, thisgradient weakened with the passage of time andthe initially quite substantial regionaldifferences declined during the latter part ofthe study period. Explicitly alcohol-relatedmortality (AAA), on the other hand, showed areverse cross-national pattern with the highestrates in the north and the lowest in the south.A positive cross-national relationship wasobserved between cirrhosis and per capitaconsumption but this match was not improved bycombining cirrhosis with explicitlyalcohol-related causes. Nevertheless, withinSouthern, Central and Northern Europeancountries the relationship between per capitaconsumption and AAA-mortality was positive. Itis concluded that cirrhosis mortality is usefulfor making rough national comparisons in aWestern European context whereas the validityof explicitly alcohol-related mortality isquestionable. Cultural differences in recordingpractices and drinking patterns are discussedas possible determinants of geographicaldifferences in AAA-mortality.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 18, no 4, 307-323 p.
alcohol-related mortality, European comparisons, comparability of causes of death data, per capita alcohol consumption, drinking patterns
Research subject Social Work
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63364DOI: 10.1023/A:1021105124283OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-63364DiVA: diva2:448487