Neisseria gonorrhoeae Infection Induces Altered Amphiregulin Processing and Release
2011 (English)In: PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, E-ISSN 1932-6203, Vol. 6, no 1, e16369Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Adhesion of the human pathogen Neisseria gonorrhoeae has established effects on the host cell and evokes a variety of cellular events including growth factor activation. In the present study we report that infection with N. gonorrhoeae causes altered amphiregulin processing and release in human epithelial cells. Amphiregulin is a well-studied growth factor with functions in various cell processes and is upregulated in different forms cancer and proliferative diseases. The protein is prototypically cleaved on the cell surface in response to external stimuli. We demonstrate that upon infection, a massive upregulation of amphiregulin mRNA is seen. The protein changes its subcellular distribution and is also alternatively cleaved at the plasma membrane, which results in augmented release of an infection-specific 36 kDa amphiregulin product from the surface of human cervical epithelial cells. Further, using antibodies directed against different domains of the protein we could determine the impact of infection on pro-peptide processing. In summary, we present data showing that the infection of N. gonorrhoeae causes an alternative amphiregulin processing, subcellular distribution and release in human epithelial cervical cells that likely contribute to the predisposition cellular abnormalities and anti-apoptotic features of N. gonorrhoeae infections.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 6, no 1, e16369
Biological Sciences Cell and Molecular Biology
Research subject Microbiology; Molecular Bioscience
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63651DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0016369ISI: 000286663900042OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-63651DiVA: diva2:451606