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Job Insecurity and Its Consequences: Investigating Moderators, Mediators and Gender
Stockholm University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2011 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis focuses on the relations between job insecurity and its consequences by addressing several specific research aims. The first research aim focused on expanding the range of job insecurity consequences by studying the relation between job insecurity and work–family conflict over time. In Study 3 it was found that job insecurity affected work–family conflict one year later among men.

The second research aim addressed mechanisms involved in the job insecurity–outcome relations, focusing on factors that might make employees more vulnerable to, or buffer against the negative effects of job insecurity. Coping styles were investigated as potential moderating factors in Study 1, where it was found that problem-focused coping did not function as a buffer, nor did devaluation or avoidance coping. Avoidance coping was actually a vulnerability factor for men, and related to more negative reactions to job insecurity in terms of well-being. Two forms of job dependence as potential moderating factors of the relations between job insecurity and its outcomes were investigated in Study 2. It was found that the relative contribution to the household income functioned as a vulnerability factor for men. Higher levels of work centrality combined with either quantitative or qualitative job insecurity were related to higher levels of job satisfaction among women. Finally, in Study 3, workload was investigated as a mediating variable of the relation between job insecurity and its outcomes, where workload linked job insecurity to work–family conflict one year later among men.

The third research aim of this thesis addressed gender, where differences between men and women were found in all three studies. Overall men seemed to suffer more from job insecurity. The results of the thesis confirm the negative impact of job insecurity, but also provide information regarding important areas for future research to study, such as the investigation of mechanisms and the role of gender.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Department of Psychology, Stockholm University , 2011. , 99 p.
Keyword [en]
qualitative job insecurity, quantitative job insecurity, coping, workload, job dependence, work centrality, gender, work–family conflict
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63877ISBN: 978-91-7447-361-2 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-63877DiVA: diva2:453238
Public defence
2011-12-02, David Magnussonsalen, Frescati Hagväg 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note
At the time of the doctoral defense, the following papers were unpublished and had a status as follows: Paper 1: Submitted. Paper 2: Submitted.Available from: 2011-11-10 Created: 2011-11-01 Last updated: 2011-11-02Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Is Coping with Job Insecurity Possible? Exploring Effects on Health and Organizational Outcomes as well as Gender Effects
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Is Coping with Job Insecurity Possible? Exploring Effects on Health and Organizational Outcomes as well as Gender Effects
Show others...
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63876 (URN)
Available from: 2011-11-01 Created: 2011-11-01 Last updated: 2011-11-02Bibliographically approved
2. Job Insecurity, Well-Being, and Gender – The Moderating Role of Job Dependence
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job Insecurity, Well-Being, and Gender – The Moderating Role of Job Dependence
(English)Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-63874 (URN)
Available from: 2011-11-01 Created: 2011-11-01 Last updated: 2011-11-02Bibliographically approved
3. Job Insecurity and its Relation to Work-Family Conflict: Mediation with a Longitudinal Data Set
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Job Insecurity and its Relation to Work-Family Conflict: Mediation with a Longitudinal Data Set
2010 (English)In: Economic and Industrial Democracy, ISSN 0143-831X, E-ISSN 1461-7099, Vol. 31, no 2, 265-280 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous research on the consequences of job insecurity has for the most part focused on individual as well as organizational outcomes, but rarely considered potential family consequences. Based on longitudinal data from Swedish teachers, the present study tests the relation between job insecurity and work-family conflict. In addition, workload was introduced as a mediator in order to contribute to the understanding of the mechanism relating the two phenomena. Gender differences were taken into account when testing this relation. The results provided partial support for workload as a mediator of the effects of job insecurity on subsequent work-family conflict. However, these results were found only for men, indicating gender differences in how job insecurity relates to workload and work-family conflict.

Keyword
employee health, job insecurity, quality of working life
National Category
Psychology
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:su:diva-49935 (URN)10.1177/0143831X09358370 (DOI)000276678300007 ()
Note
authorCount :3Available from: 2010-12-20 Created: 2010-12-20 Last updated: 2017-12-11Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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