Cadmium triggers Elodea canadensis to change the surrounding water pH and thereby Cd uptake
2011 (English)In: International journal of phytoremediation, ISSN 1522-6514, Vol. 13, no 1, 95-106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study was aimed to investigate the influence of Elodea canadensis shoots on surrounding water pH in the presence of cadmium and the effect of plant-induced pH on cadmium uptake. The pH change in the surrounding nutrient solution and Cd uptake by Elodea shoots were investigated after cultivation of various plant densities (1, 3, 6 plants per 500 ml) in hydroponics at a starting pH of 4.0 and in the presence of different concentrations of cadmium (0, 0.1, 0.5 µM). Cadmium uptake was also investigated at different constant pH (4.0, 4.5, 5.5 and 6.5). To investigate if the pH change arose from photosynthetic activities, plants were grown under light, darkness or in the presence of a photosynthetic inhibitor, 3-(3,4-dichlorophenyl)-1,1-dimethylurea (DCMU), and 0.5 µM cadmium in the solution. Elodea had an ability to increase the surrounding water pH, when the initial pH was low, which resulted in increased accumulation of Cd. The higher the plant density, the more pronounced was the pH change. The pH increase was not due to the photosynthetic activity since the pH rise was more pronounced under darkness and in the presence of DCMU. The pH increase by Elodea was triggered by cadmium.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 13, no 1, 95-106 p.
Cadmium uptake, Elodea canadensis, pH increase, photosynthesis, phytofiltration
Research subject Plant Physiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-64325DOI: 10.1080/15226511003753987ISI: 000292159200025OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-64325DiVA: diva2:457066