Demography and modelling of clonal fragments in the pseudoannual plant shape Trientalis europaea L
1998 (English)In: Plant Ecology, ISSN 1385-0237, E-ISSN 1573-5052, Vol. 136, no 2, 213-227 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The clonal growth pattern and demography of clonal fragments (aggregation of ramets derived from a common parent ramet) in the pseudoannual plant Trientalis europaea were studied in field conditions from 1991 to 1993. During this period the population of clonal fragments declined, with a half-life of 7.4 years. Number and size of the clonal progeny and stolon length were positively related to the size of the mother ramet. Survival rates of ramets and tubers increased with size. The rate of clonal growth was low: after three years, about 70% of the clonal fragments had only one ramet. This suggests that the pseudoannual growth habit in T. europaea is more important as mechanism of perennation than of ramet multiplication.Field data were used in a simulation model of architecture and population dynamics of clonal fragments. About 10% of the clonal fragments survived to the end of the simulation (15 years) and the mean survival was 4.7 years. The model predicted a positive correlation between persistence of the clonal fragment and number of ramets produced. Sensitivity analysis showed that the production of a daughter ramet of at least the same size as the parent ramet was the most important pathway for the survival and the number of ramets of the clonal fragment, whereas the production of secondary ramets had a very small effect. This confirms the interpretation of the pseudoannual life-cycle as a mechanism of ramet replacement in this species. Sensitivity analysis also revealed that changes in survival probabilities of the smallest ramets had the largest impact on clonal fragment dynamics. This reflects the important role of the smallest size class of ramets as a source of new vegetative propagules, maintaining a hierarchy in the size structure of the population.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1998. Vol. 136, no 2, 213-227 p.
Clonal growth, Mobility, Simulation models, Ramets, Tubers
Research subject Plant Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-64990DOI: 10.1023/A:1009753515163OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-64990DiVA: diva2:460416