Modelling the morphological response to nutrient availability in the clonal plant Trientalis europaea L
1999 (English)In: Plant Ecology, ISSN 1385-0237, E-ISSN 1573-5052, Vol. 141, no 1-2, 117-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The morphological responses to changes in environmental quality shown by many clonal plants have been interpreted as an expression of foraging behaviour, as they allow the ramets to become concentrated in more favourable microhabitats. The morphological response to increased nutrient availability in the pseudoannual plant Trientalis europaea was studied in a field experiment. The response was largely size-dependent and consistent with enhanced clonal growth. Fertilized ramets produced more tubers and a larger main tuber. In contrast, stolon length was not affected by the treatment. A spatially explicit simulation model calibrated with data from the field experiment examined the population dynamics of T. europaea ramets in a spatially hetereogeneous, temporally constant, environment. The model showed that T. europaea was effective at concentrating its ramets in favourable patches, but this process was strongly influenced by patch size. The analysis of this response at the clone level showed that ramet aggregation was mainly due to the enhanced performance of clones located initially in the favourable patches, or clones that located a favourable patch by chance. In these clones, the simultaneous increase of ramet size and survival accelerated the production of ramets. The temporal and spatial scale at which the aggregation of ramets in favourable patches was manifested suggests that the effectiveness of the morphological response in T. europaea is favoured by a high spatio-temporal predictability in the environment. Overall, the model emphasized the important role of population dynamics in understanding the nature of the foraging response.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1999. Vol. 141, no 1-2, 117-127 p.
Nitrogen, Pseudoannual, Spatially explicit simulation model, Tuber
Research subject Plant Ecology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-64991DOI: 10.1023/A:1009845014687OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-64991DiVA: diva2:460419