Denitrification and polar stratospheric cloud formation during the Arctic winter 2009/2010
2011 (English)In: Atmospheric Chemistry And Physics, ISSN 1680-7316, E-ISSN 1680-7324, Vol. 11, no 16, 8471-8487 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The sedimentation of HNO3 containing PolarStratospheric Cloud (PSC) particles leads to a permanent re-moval of HNO3 and thus to a denitrification of the strato-sphere, an effect which plays an important role in strato-spheric ozone depletion. The polar vortex in the Arctic win-ter 2009/2010 was very cold and stable between end of De-cember and end of January. Strong denitrification between 475 to 525 K was observed in the Arctic in mid of Januaryby the Odin Sub Millimetre Radiometer (Odin/SMR). Thiswas the strongest denitrification that had been observed inthe entire Odin/SMR measuring period (2001–2010). Lidarmeasurements of PSCs were performed in the area of Kiruna,Northern Sweden with the IRF (Institutet för Rymdfysik) li-odar and with the Esrange lidar in January 2010. The measurements show that PSCs were present over the area of Kirunaduring the entire period of observations. The formation ofPSCs during the Arctic winter 2009/2010 is investigated using a microphysical box model. Box model simulationsare performed along air parcel trajectories calculated sixdays backward according to the PSC measurements with the ground-based lidar in the Kiruna area. From the temperaturehistory of the backward trajectories and the box model simulations we find two PSC regions, one over Kiruna accordingto the measurements made in Kiruna and one north of Scandinavia which is much colder, reaching also temperatures below Tice. Using the box model trajectories together with the observations of Odin/SMR,Aura/MLS (Microwave Limb Sounder), CALIPSO (Cloud-Aerosol Lidar and Infrared Pathfinder Satellite Observations)and the ground-based lidar we investigate how and by whichtype of PSC particles the denitrification that was observedduring the Arctic winter 2009/2010 was caused. From ouranalysis we find that due to an unusually strong synopticcooling event in mid January, ice particle formation on NATmay be a possible formation mechanism during that particu-lar winter that may have caused the denitrification observed in mid January. In contrast, the denitrification that was observed in the beginning of January could have been caused by the sedimentation of NAT particles that formed on moun-tain wave ice clouds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 11, no 16, 8471-8487 p.
PSC, denitrification, Arctic winter
Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences
Research subject Atmospheric Sciences and Oceanography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:su:diva-65321DOI: 10.5194/acp-11-8471-2011ISI: 000294406300016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:su-65321DiVA: diva2:462296
authorCount :102011-12-062011-12-062013-03-05Bibliographically approved